The school of Radical Orthodoxy maintains that modernity can be explained as a poorly justified rejection of the Christian doctrine of creation, a rejection which the churches to a large extent have met with a strategy of correlation. The article investigates the relevance of this approach by applying it on the governments arguments in favour of the so-called gender neutral marriage law that was passed by the Norwegian Parliament in 2008, and the churches official responses to these arguments, concluding that the Radical Orthodoxy approach has a high degree of relevance in this particular context.
The Second Vatican Council changed the Church`s relation to the modern world. Her traditional rejection of the modern culture, especially the liberal democracy, was abandoned, and the human rights were accepted. This article contests the conventional understanding among lots of Catholics, that the two last popes have undermined the visions for the Church introduced by the Council. Its acceptance of the human rights had as its condition that the freedom of religion should be valid only in the civil society as a constitutional obligation; the traditional political and ethical doctrines were still valid within the Church. In accordance with the Council the popes, John Paul II and Benedict VI, have followed a twofold strategy: fighthing political and social suppression contrary to the human rights, and in opposition to the «Culture of Death» in the moderne world defending the Christian etical values.
In this article I argue that religious claims by and large can be criticized in a well-argued manner, and I aim to show how it can be done. My argument proceeds as follows: First I argue that all religion involves descriptive claims, which has the consequence that the truth of religious claims can be discussed and criticized. Then I present the German philosopher L. B. Puntels theory of truth since that gives a well-argued and precise theoretical framework for critique of religious claims. Finally, I give several concrete examples as to how such critique of religion can be carried out.