Omsorgsansvar og samfunn
- Side: 135-150
- DOI: https://doi.org/10.18261/ISSN1504-291X-2010-01-06
- Publisert på Idunn: 2010-03-05
- Publisert: 2010-05-03
PUBLIC AND PRIVATE CARE FOR THE SICK AND THE NEEDY: A HISTORICAL PERSPECTIVE
Throughout Norwegian history, care and provision for the sick and the needy has been given both through informal channels in the family and in an institutionalized manner, either by the community or by private organizations, the church in the middle ages, and private and church philanthropic societies in the past two centuries. The article briefly outlines the role of each of these institutions in different periods, the different forms of cooperation between them, and the ideological strife in the nineteenth century in respect to whether private or public social work was best suited to meeting the needs of the individual and society. A discussion on some similarities in structure and purpose is raised based on a short description of the mercantilist experiment of the Poor Law of Hamburg in 1788.