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Nye utfordringer til islamsk feminisme: Kvinneaktivismens mange ansikter i Sudan og Iran



stipendiat Senter for kvinne- og kjønnsforskning (SKOK) Universitetet i Bergen E-post: marianne.boe@skok.uib.no



forsker Chr. Michelsen Institutt (CMI) E-post: liv.tonnessen@cmi.no

AbstractEnglish abstract

Flere tiår med islamisering i Sudan og Iran har resultert i en fremvekst av islamsk feminisme. På samme tid fremstår kvinneaktivismen i de to landene fremdeles som mangfoldig og innbefatter både islamsk og sekulær feminisme, samt islamistisk kvinneaktivisme. I denne artikkelen ser Marianne Bøe og Liv Tønnessen nærmere på kvinneaktivismens historie og utvikling i Sudan og Iran, samt den voksende kritikken som rettes mot islamsk feminisme. På denne bakgrunn diskuterer artikkelen hvilke nye utfordringer islamsk feminisme står overfor i en tid hvor denne retningen organiseres både på lokalt og globalt plan.

New Challenges to Islamic Feminism: The Many Faces of Women’s Activism in Sudan and Iran

While women’s activism in the Muslim world has a long, rich history, Islamic feminism is a more recent form of activism, which argues for equal rights between men and women within the framework of Islam. Based on interviews with a range of women activists in Khartoum, Sudan and Teheran, Iran conducted during the last five years, the article investigates the growth of Islamic feminism in these two Islamic states. Further, the article critically discusses the challenges encountered locally by women activists at a time when Islamic feminism is being organized as a global model for Muslim women’s activism. In the article, the authors argue that Islamic feminism stands strongly in the two Islamic states of Sudan and Iran, but that there are multiple faces of women’s activism based on fundamentally competing ideological frameworks. Contemporary women’s activism in Sudan and Iran is fragmented with regards to defining women’s rights in terms of Islamic feminism, secular feminism or Islamic women’s activism. The many faces of women’s activism in Sudan and Iran that this article presents thus illustrate that there are multiple repertoires of women’s activism in the two countries today that do not necessarily correspond to the framework of emerging global Islamic feminism.

Keywords: Islamic feminism, women’s activism, Iran, Sudan, local, global
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