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Vitenskapelig publikasjon
(side 203-226)
av Line Joranger
Engelsk sammendrag

Foucault’s Military Metaphors – Life as Experience and Science

In his lecture Le pouvoir psychiatrique Michel Foucault analyses the origin of psychiatric power based on military concepts and metaphors and specific political structures and functions. This article highlights three important facts concerning Foucault’s use of military metaphors. The first is the question of why, in his lectures, Foucault did not use concepts from the sociological and psychological knowledge area to explain the origin of psychiatric power, and how his lecture, both conceptually and historically, related to his earlier work Histoire de la Folie. The second concerns how his use of military concepts affected his analyses of psychiatric power. The third fact concerns the question of how it is that only after he had written his lecture did Foucault became aware of the knowledge area he had derived his ideas and concepts from. With the help of conceptual metaphor theories I explain how Foucault's use of military metaphors can be said to have originated in both conscious and unconscious war experiences, experiences which in turn helped him to shape and structure his ideas about the origin of psychiatric power.

Vitenskapelig publikasjon
(side 227-247)
av Georges Midré
Engelsk sammendrag

Computer programs for qualitative research. Administrative support or -positivistic straitjacket?

The use of CAQDAS (Computer Assisted Qualitative Data Analysis), in particular NVivo, is widespread among social scientists but there is some scepticism about its implementation. The article discusses whether this resistance may be linked to the notion that some of the main principles of qualitative research are inconsistent with the technology. The focus is the widespread coding facilities of the programs and the danger of fragmentation. The proposition that CAQDAS leads qualitative research into specific methodological positions is examined and it is concluded that tools like the NVivo are indeed useful for certain parts of the data analysis, above all in regard to administration and organization of textual material. They are flexible and can support a number of methodological approaches, but whether one uses manual methods or CAQDAS, the quality of qualitative research depends on the user’s reflective ability, intuition and creativity.

Vitenskapelig publikasjon
(side 249-273)
av Patrick Kermit, Odd Morten Mjøen & Astri Holm
Engelsk sammendrag

Growing up with cochlear implants: Children’s lingual interaction with hearing peers and adults

Clinical research on outcomes of paediatric cochlear implantation mainly amounts to testing children in controlled settings. Above all, measurement of the child’s ability to produce and pick up speech is seen as an important indicator of how well the technology works. We know very little, however, about the lingual activities of children in their day-to-day practices. This qualitative study of six children with cochlear implants elaborates on their lingual interaction with hearing peers and adults. The study indicates that the children face several challenges in peer interaction that need to be addressed as social and juridical, as well as practical questions.

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