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Vitenskapelig publikasjon
(side 115-136)
av Kjetil G. Lundberg & Hilde Danielsen
Engelsk sammendrag

Local community and place myths: city centre and suburbs between diversity and safety

What are the values that legitimate local communities in Norway today? In this article, we examine the place myths people mobilize and distinguish themselves from when constructing the place in which they dwell as a good one to live in and a positive local community for the new generation. Based on qualitative interviews with inhabitants living in the city centre and in a suburb of Bergen, we examine their conceptions of the good city life and the connections between places and identities. Although many studies about Norwegian society claim the strength of strong egalitarian values, we argue that this conception is reshaped. The good local community is framed as a place with a healthy tension between diversity and safety, securing the inhabitants the opportunity and right to choose their social belonging.

Vitenskapelig publikasjon
(side 137-155)
av Mai Camilla Munkejord
Engelsk sammendrag

Working Part Time in the North: The Meaning of Place in Work-Life Experiences

The labour market is in transition, continually requiring increased employee flexibility, as exemplified through a variety of working-hour arrangements. Part-time work is one such arrangement. Sociological theories generally conceptualise part-time work, compared to full-time work, as a feminised and deviant practice. Moreover, the context beyond the workplace is often omitted, with geographic situatedness barely taken into account in the interpretation of what is meant by part-time work. Thus, while these theories are seemingly produced from «nowhere», a deconstruction reveals that they are usually centre-oriented. In this paper, it is questioned whether such centre-based theories can make sense of work-life experiences in a geographical «periphery». Based on interviews conducted with women and men working part time in Havøysund, a coastal village in northernmost Norway, it is shown that work-life experiences are deeply embedded in specific geographic locales. In other words, the local labour market and the local cultural meanings of gender and work contribute to the framing of part-time work experiences. In the Havøysund context, then, part-time work seems to be constructed as a gender neutral and normal work-time arrangement.

(side 157-168)
av Gunn Elisabeth Birkelund
(side 169-181)
av Gudmund Hernes
(side 188-191)
av Ole Preben Riis
(side 192-195)
av Sigurd Skirbekk
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