This article examines the relationship between music and political values in Cuba. Through historical analyses, the author shows how music has inspired political change and revolutionary ideas and as such has formed an integral part of the revolutionary project. The article also indicates how music has performed an important political critique of several aspects of the revolutionary project. The historical analysis illustrates the importance of historiography and the aesthetic sensibility of today's political project in Cuba, and how this is expressed through the cultivation of cultural theorists like Nicolas Guillen and Jose Martí as father figures of the nation. The analysis shows how the production of historical consciousness is helping to lay the foundation for various forms of musical politics, potentially linking various aesthetic and political experiences together across different eras. The analysis further shows how this focus on a common historical consciousness has made a political impact on a post-socialist Cuba that is characterized more by nationalism than of former Marxist ideas.

Keywords: Nationalism, Cuban music, Musical critique, Revolution, Political change