Summary

Throughout Haydn’s career one finds scattered quotes from works he had written earlier. In some cases it seems that the work quoted from had been relevant for the audience Haydn was addressing his new composition to, through concerts and publications of scores. This suggests that Haydn occasionally would quote himself as a communicative strategy. This article looks closer at two such quotations: The theme from symphony no. 45 (Farewell) is quoted in symphony no. 85 (La Reine), and the introduction to the overture from Il ritorno di Tobia was adapted to serve as the beginning of the overture of The Seven Last Words of our Saviour on the Cross. These quotations are subsequently compared to earlier and later instances, which suggests that Haydn would use such self-quotations throughout his career, but that the quotations from his last works were able to address an international audience due to the emergence of an international standard repertoire. The article seeks to be a foundation for further works exploring the same phenomenon.

Keywords: Haydn, quotation, Formenlehre