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Oslo Law Review
Oslo Law Review (OsLaw) was established in 2014, and publishes research articles from all areas of legal scholarship, as well as interdisciplinary articles or articles that engage with law from the perspective of other related disciplines (e.g. political science, anthropology, sociology, linguistics and philosophy). The journal aims to provide an open access forum for high quality academic discourse on legal issues. Its remit includes discussing Norwegian and Nordic legal phenomena.

The journal’s target groups are legal scholars and other researchers with an interest in legal topics. The journal may also be of interest to law students, practising lawyers, judges, political decision makers, the media and a broader reading public.

The journal publishes articles in English.

The journal is published by Scandinavian University Press (Universitetsforlaget) on behalf of the Faculty of Law at the University of Oslo.

Peer review

All articles that are considered by the editors to be relevant for publication in the journal are reviewed by at least one anonymous academic referee with no ties to the author. The final decision regarding publication of the article is made by the editors-in-chief. The journal practises ‘double blind’ peer review, whereby both the reviewer and the author remain anonymous to each other.


The journal is covered by the following indexing and discovery services:
  • HeinOnline
  • Directory of Open Access Journals
  • Google Scholar
  • Primo Central Index (Ex Libris)
  • The Summon Service (ProQuest)
  • Ebsco Discovery Service
  • WorldCat Local (OCLC)
  • JournalTOCs
Lee A. Bygrave, professor at University of Oslo
Vibeke Blaker Strand, professor at University of Oslo

Editorial Assistant
Matthew Saul

Editorial Advisers
Vidar Halvorsen, professor at University of Oslo
Anders Narvestad, doctoral research fellow at University of Oslo
Alla Pozdnakova, professor at University of Oslo 

Editorial Board
Shaheen Sardar Ali, professor at University of Warwick
Bert Jaap Koops, professor at University of Tilburg
Elise Poillot, professor at University of Luxembourg
Giovanni Sartor, professor at European University Institute/University of Bologna
Carsten Smith, professor emeritus at University of Oslo
Lawrence Solum, professor at Georgetown University

Email: oslolawreview@jus.uio.no

Address: Faculty of Law, University of Oslo, P.O. Box 6706 St. Olavs plass, 0130 Oslo, Norway
Oslo Law Review is a scholarly journal with open access, with no subscription charges or registration restrictions. All content is freely available online.

As an author for this journal, you retain copyright and publishing rights to your own article without restrictions, and you grant any third party the right to read, download, copy, distribute, print, search or link to the full text of your article in accordance with the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0) license. Authors are not required to pay article processing charges (APCs) or article submission charges. 
Oslo Law Review is an open access, peer-reviewed law journal with an international compass, published by Scandinavian University Press (Universitetsforlaget) on behalf of the Faculty of Law at the University of Oslo. The journal welcomes original, high-quality articles from all areas of legal scholarship, as well as interdisciplinary articles or articles from other disciplines that engage with law (e.g. political science, anthropology, sociology, linguistics and philosophy).

The language of the journal is English.

Only manuscripts which follow the guidelines below will be assessed for publication.

All submissions to the journal should be sent to the editors at oslolawreview@jus.uio.no.

Peer review

The journal uses double blind peer review of manuscripts. Manuscripts must therefore be anonymised by the author(s). Information about the author(s) must be provided in a separate document. All explicit references to one’s own publication should be anonymised.  

Checklist before submission

Submitted manuscripts should contain the following:
  • Title and name of the author(s)
  • Abstract (150-200 words)
  • 3-5 keywords
  • Article text
  • References should be numerical and organised as endnotes
In separate documents:
  • Numbered figures and table (each on a separate page)
  • Name, institutional affiliation and e-mail address of author(s)
  • A short biographical description of each author


The manuscript should be submitted in a standard format, with a 'Normal' style setting. Font should be Times New Roman, 12 pt. Text should be double spaced, with 2.5 cm margins and aligned to the left.

The manuscript should be no longer than 70,000 characters (with spaces), including endnotes and references.

The start of a new paragraph should be marked by an empty line. Authors may utilise a maximum of three heading levels.

Notes in the manuscript should be organised as endnotes when using regular word processing software.

The appropriate permissions must have been obtained for all figures and tables in the manuscript. If someone other than the author has created a figure or table, the name of the source should be stated in the text. The author is responsible for obtaining the permission to use previously published illustrations. Placing of figures and tables in the text should be marked in the manuscript.  

Style guide

Spelling, punctuation and capitalisation

  • Authors should adopt UK spelling and punctuation conventions except in quotations from other sources.
  • For quotations, use single inverted commas (and doubles for quotations inside a quotation).
  • All headings and sub‐headings should be capitalised.
  • Secondary level headings should directly follow primary headings. For instance, Heading 3.1 would directly follow heading 3, with no intervening text.
  • The use of capitalisation should be minimal; however, ‘State’, ‘Article and ‘Act’ should be capitalised.

Contractions, abbreviations and acronyms

  • Contractions will have no full points (e.g. Mr, St, edn,), with the exception of abbreviated words which do not end with their final letter, and their plural forms (e.g., vol., vols., ed., eds.).
  • The abbreviation for ‘for example’ should have full points (e.g.).
  • Acronyms and abbreviations in capitals should not have full points: NATO, USA, EU, BC.

Quotations and permission to reproduce them

  • Quotations should be kept to a minimum and lengthy quotations should be avoided.
  • Quotations of more than approximately sixty words should be set apart from the main text (indented with extra space above and below).
  • Line references should be either number alone (‘78-82’), or ‘lines 78-82’. Do not use ‘ll.’, which can be confused for II or 11.
  • Quotations of prose passages from a foreign language should be given in English only, using either an official or otherwise established translation or a new one of your own (with an indication as to whether or not the translation is your own).
  • When a short quotation in a foreign language is essential, it should be followed directly (not in the notes) with an English translation, placed in square brackets.
  • When words are omitted in a quotation, this should be done by using three full stops, the first full stop being preceded by a space (‘ …’).



These author guidelines are based on the Oxford Standard for the Citation of Legal Authorities (OSCOLA). Please consult the full OSCOLA document for guidelines not covered here, a concise guide is also available.
  • Endnotes should be kept brief.
  • All endnotes should be followed by a full point.
  • The first citation of a reference should be given in full and any subsequent cross-citations should be given in a shortened form giving author and endnote number.
  • Cross‐citations should state the author (surname only), endnote where the publication is first cited and page number or numbers (unless referring to the publication as a whole, in which case no page number is given). For instance, to refer to pages 54 and 61 of the previously cited publication by Jones, which is first cited in endnote 7, the following format is to be used: 21 Jones (n 7) 54, 61
  • Op. cit., loc. cit. and idem should not be used as forms of reference, instead ‘ibid’ may be used (when referring to the endnote which directly precedes it). There is no punctuation after ibid. For instance:

    1 Robert Stevens, Torts and Rights (OUP 2007).
    2 ibid 271-78.

DOI references

References to online sources should always include DOI references where possible. (DOI: digital object identifier.) The DOI reference should be accessible by clicking on the URL. If you are not sure about the DOI code for a reference, you can search for it here (search using title or author name): http://search.crossref.org/.

For guidance on where to place the DOI code in your reference, see the examples of how to cite online sources given below. Here is an example of how to reference an online journal article with DOI-reference:

Linda Barclay, ‘Justice and Disability: What Kind of Theorizing Is Needed?’ (2011) 42 J. Soc. Philos. 273 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-9833.2011.01533.x> accessed 8 December 2016.

Journal articles

  • Journal names should be italicised.
  • Main words in publication title (and sub‐title) should be capitalised, with the exception of words such as ‘of’, ‘and’, ‘in’ and so on.
  • Article titles should be in single quotation marks and not in italics.
  • Both issue and volume number should be cited for all articles.

Newspaper articles

  • When citing newspaper articles, give the author, the title, the name of the newspaper in italics and then in brackets the city of publication and the date.
  • Some newspapers have ‘The’ in the title and some do not, the references should reflect this and should include ‘The’ whenever relevant.

Chapters in books or anthologies

  • The page‐range is required when referring to chapters in books or anthologies (hence both first and last page required).

Online sources (internet references)

  • URLs (web addresses) to be given in full and within angled quotation marks < >.
  • Include ‘http://’ only if the web address does not begin with ‘www’.
  • Websites should be checked to ensure they are still active and the (latest) date accessed should then be given at the end of the reference, after the URL.
  • If you source a publication online that is also available in hard copy, cite the hard copy version. There is no need to cite an electronic source for such a publication.
  • Internet references should be complete and comprehensive, with full title, author (or authors), name of website and publication date (when available).
  • When citing online newspaper articles, give the author, the title, the name of the newspaper in italics and then in brackets the city of publication and the date (the same as when citing newspaper articles in general), followed by the URL and date of access.
  • When referring to legislation then full and comprehensive details should be given, rather than a URL reference alone, as with any other reference to legal sources.
  • Whenever available, when referring to sources previously published online, a DOI number is to be provided (Digital Object Identifier). See note on DOI above.

Examples of citation of sources


author, ∣ title ∣ (additional information, ∣ edition, ∣ publisher ∣ year)

Javaid Rehman, International Human Rights Law (2nd ed., Pearson 2010).

Chapters in Books

author, ∣ ‘title’ ∣ in editor (ed.) ∣ book title ∣ (additional information, publisher ∣ year) ∣ page‐range of chapter.

Justine Pila, ‘The Value of Authorship in the Digital Environment’ in William H Dutton and Paul W Jeffreys (eds.), World Wide Research: Reshaping the Sciences and Humanities in the Century of Information (MIT Press 2010) 56‐78.

Journal articles

author, ∣ ‘title’ ∣ [year] ∣ journal name or abbreviation ∣ first page of article.


author, ∣ ‘title’ ∣ (year) ∣ volume ∣ journal name or abbreviation ∣ first page of article. Alison L Young, ‘In Defence of Due Deference’ (2009) 72 MLR 554.

For online article journals, include the URL and date accessed (in the following format):   Graham Greenleaf, ‘The Global Development of Free Access to Legal Information’ (2010) 1(1) EJLT <www.ejlt.org/article/view/17> accessed 27 July 2010.

Online sources

Sarah Cole, ‘Virtual Friend Fires Employee’ (Naked Law, 1 May 2009) <www.nakedlaw.com/2009/05/index.html> accessed 19 November 2009.

Newspaper articles

Jane Croft, ‘Supreme Court Warns on Quality’ Financial Times (London, 1 July 2010) 3.

For online newspaper articles include the URL and date accessed (in the following format):

Ian Loader, ‘The Great Victim of this Get Tough Hyperactivity is Labour’ The Guardian (London, 19 June 2008 <www.guardian.co.uk/commentisfree/2008/jun/19/justice.ukcrime> accessed 19 November 2009.

Cases, legislation and international standards

Cases should be cited in accordance with the official format of the relevant jurisdiction. For example:

Government of the RSA v Grootboom 2001 (1) SA 46 (CC).

If the names of the parties are included in the citation (e.g. Chapman v United Kingdom) or the case has an official title (e.g. Numerus Clausus Case) then these should be accordingly italicised.

European institutions

A full account of cases from European institutions can be found in the Oxford style guidelines.

European Court of Human Rights Judgments and Decisions

ECHR judgments and decisions published from 1 November 1998 to the end of 2007 are to be written as follows:

name of case (in italics) ∣ application number ∣ paragraph number (for judgments) ∣ ECHR ∣ year ∣ number of volume.

From the beginning of 2008, there is no volume number (e.g. ECHR 2008, ECHR 2009, etc.) In the absence of any indication to the contrary, the cited text is a judgment on the merits delivered by a Chamber of the Court. Any variation of that is added in brackets after the name of the case, as follows:

(dec) for a decision of admissibility,

(preliminary objections) for a judgment concerning only preliminary objections,

(just satisfaction) for a judgment concerning only just satisfaction,

(revision) for a judgment concerning revision,

(interpretation) for a judgment concerning interpretation

(striking out) for a judgment striking the case out

(friendly settlement) for a judgment concerning friendly settlement

[GC] is added if the judgment or decision has been given by the Grand Chamber of the Court.

We refer authors to a master list detailing exact citation of ECHR Case‐law References of Judgments, Advisory Opinions and Published Decisions, available at http://www.echr.coe.int/Documents/Case_law_references_ENG.pdf.

Authors are also reminded that full points in contractions are to be removed, in line with the guidelines laid out above (see Contractions, abbreviations and acronyms). Accordingly, abbreviations are not followed by a full point: versus is to be written 'v' not 'v.'; 'no' not 'no.' is the abbreviation of number and so forth. Please note, any initials in case names are not to be written with full points either.


Judgment on the merits delivered by a Chamber Campbell v Ireland, no 45678/98, § 24, ECHR 1999‐II.

Judgment on the merits delivered by the Grand Chamber Campbell v Ireland [GC], no 45678/98, § 24, ECHR 1999‐II.

Decision on admissibility delivered by the Grand Chamber Campbell v Ireland (dec) [GC], no 45678/98, ECHR 1999‐II.

Judgment on preliminary objections delivered by a Chamber Campbell v Ireland (preliminary objections), no 45678/98, § 15, ECHR 1999‐II.

Judgments and decisions of the old Court

Names of judgments and decisions of the old Court and the names of decisions of the Commission should appear in italics and the mode of citation has been changed slightly.


Plattform “Ärtze für das Leben” v Austria, 21 June 1988, § 31, Series A no 139.

Delta v France (Article 50), 30 January 1990, § 38, Series A no 191‐A.

Allenet de Ribemont v France (interpretation), 7 August 1996, § 17, Reports of Judgments and Decisions 1996‐III.

Gustafsson v Sweden (revision – merits), 30 July 1998, § 28, Reports 1998‐V.

Moreira de Azevedo v Portugal, no 11296/84, Commission decision of 14 April 1988, Decisions and Reports 56, p 126.

Judgments or decisions where a newspaper name is included

Where the title of a judgment or decision includes the name of a newspaper or other publication, such name will appear in roman, as is already the case with judgments and decisions of the new Court.


The Sunday Times v the United Kingdom (Article 50), 6 November 1980, § 22, Series A no 38.

For unreported judgments and decisions of the new Court:

Dupont v France, no 43568/98, § 24, 3 May 1999

Court of Justice of the EU (CJEU) and Court of First Instance (CFI)

Judgments from the Court of Justice of the EU (CJEU) and Court of First Instance (CFI) should be cited as follows:

Case number ∣ case name ∣ [year] ∣ report abbreviation ∣ first page


Case 240/83 Procureur de la République v ADBHU [1995] ECR I‐4705

Case C‐556/07 Commission v France [2009] OJ C102/8 7

National laws and international treaties

National laws and international treaties should not be italicised.

For references to UN human rights treaty body documents, do not italicise the title. The session should follow in round brackets along with UN Doc reference and year of document. For example:

UNCHR ‘General Comment 18’ in ‘Note by the Secretariat, Compilation of General Comments and General Recommendations adopted by Human Rights Treaty Bodies’ (1994) UN Doc HRI/GEN/1/Rev.1


The editors do not take responsibility for filing or returning copies of submitted manuscripts.

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