Over the past 60 years, the global community has developed an increasingly comprehensive framework of international agreements to protect human rights around the world. Every UN member state is a signatory to at least one of the major human rights treaties,1 and has therefore agreed to report on their compliance with the obligations the treaty contains. However, much remains to be done when it comes to ensuring national compliance and accountability with international human rights instruments. If the first decades after the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR) were characterised by an emphasis on constructing a legal and normative framework for human rights, more recently the focus has shifted to implementation of this framework and the question of how to ensure government compliance with ratified human rights conventions.2

Keywords: Human Rights, Accountability, International Agreements, Human Rights Monitoring, Global Data, Economic and Social Rights, Civil and Political Rights, Transparency, Quantitative Indicators.