A key law concerning religious matters in Indonesia is the so-called “Blasphemy Law”, which underwent a judicial review at the Constitutional Court in 2009-10. This article seeks to analyse and contextualise the way the judicial review was handled, and the viewpoints put forward by various stakeholders. In doing so, it will explore the various meanings attached to ‘freedom of religion’ in the Indonesian context. It will also discuss the legal framework for freedom of religion or belief in Indonesia.

Keywords: Constitutional Court, Blasphemy, Indonesia, Freedom of Religion or Belief.