Long-term peace is commonly stated as one of the main objectives of transitional justice processes. The issue of land and property restitution for internally displaced people (IDPs) has increasingly been considered as a most important element in terms of political stability and the prevention of new outbreaks of violence. What are the implications of considering restitution a preferred measure of redress for refugees and displaced peoples in transitional justice processes? The aim of this article is to provide an overview of the right to restitution of land and property from a transitional justice perspective, based on a conceptual clarification of restitution as a form of reparation and a discussion of the implications of restitution for transitional justice policy and implementation.

Keywords: Restitution, Victim Reparations, Transitional Justice