The article presents three arguments. The role of the International Criminal Court in the conflict in northern Uganda cannot be made into an argument against ICC’s involvement in ongoing conflicts. Second, while many have seen ICC and ICC’s philosophy as completely opposed to traditional mechanisms in northern Uganda, this article argues that these two instruments can in fact complement each other. Within the framework of the agreements reached in Juba, a whole range of transitional justice mechanisms has been merged. Finally, the case of northern Uganda demonstrates that although traditional mechanisms can be an important part of transitional justice, such mechanisms also bring along a number of major challenges.

Keywords: Transitional justice, International Criminal Court, Northern Uganda, Lord’s Resistance Army, Juba peace agreement, Agreement on Accountability and Reconciliation, traditional justice.