In this article, a feedback model is proposed which identifies four aspects of feedback. The concept 'patterns of feedback' is introduced, to designate combinations of these aspects. The model uses single feedback utterances as unit of coding, but can be used with various units of analysis. When applying the model to analyse the literature on feedback practices, patterns belonging to a traditionalist perspective, teachers correcting students’ work, was easiest to identify. If these studies capture a trend in how feedback is practiced in HE today, it seems that dialogic practices, which place self-regulation at the core of the feedback process, should be advocated and strengthened.

Keywords: Model of feedback; patterns of feedback; student learning; dialogic feedback; self-regulation