The aim of this article is to illuminate and discuss the relationship between state governance and local Swedish knowledge culture from 1958 to 1999. The main questions are: How do conceptions of knowledge and learning in a local teacher education culture relate to state governance, and how can adaptation and resistance be understood? The overall perspective is one of curriculum theory and the methods used are archival studies and interviews. The concepts of strategy and ideology are used and found helpful for understanding adaptation and resistance in the knowledge culture under study. Adaptation occurred when local ideological standpoints were in harmony with state governance and there were no strategic losses for the culture as a whole.

Keywords: nursing teacher education, knowledge culture, state governance, adaptation, resistance