This article explores how any success in encountering difference a discourse on tolerance might have in education, depends on how it deals with different meanings of otherness. By making a distinction between tolerance of diversity and tolerance of difference, it proposes a way of responding to this challenge that takes the otherness of the Other seriously. The point made is that to promote tolerance on the basis that we can already tell the tolerable from the intolerable, risks excluding the very possibility of welcoming something new and unforeseen that may alter the perception we have of ourselves and the world.

Keywords: tolerance, tolerance education, difference and diversity, waldenfels Should this read ’Waldenfels’?