Penal provisions designed to cover repeated and severe abuse in close relationships have been in effect in Norway for the past decade (section 219 of the former Criminal Code, sections 282/283 of the revised Criminal Code). This article evaluates these legal provisions, and in particular, explores the struggle of the police with severe domestic violence. Specially trained police officers and others working in law enforcement, such as prosecutors and judges, have participated as informants. It is insufficient merely to read the legal text to understand what it criminalizes—it is necessary to examine the legal sources. According to the Supreme Court of Norway, a regime of control and violence in a close relationship must be evident. To identify such a regime, the police cannot pay exclusive attention to the specific incidents of physical violence but must focus on what occurs between these events. The totality and complexity of domestic abuse, including psychological violence, is expected to play a central role in police investigation. However, this kind of policing challenges the police role. Police interviews in these cases require particular patience, understanding, empathy and calm. The article will prove that a large proportion of the investigation ends in dismissed cases, but the author will argue that law enforcement is only one side of policing. The police may achieve just as much by means of victim support and prevention measures.
‘Knarkrondellen’, which translates to ‘the drug roundabout’, is a known hot spot for drug trading in Malmö and the police have implemented several measures to fight the open drug market. This paper sets out to investigate the impact that the police interventions, namely enhanced police foot patrols, improved street lighting and the installation of a surveillance camera, exert on the crime rates and the fear of crime at the roundabout. Quantitative data from the police register of reported crimes and police surveys are analyzed. The findings show that the police interventions did not reach the desired preventative effect on crime in the given study period and possibly indicate the occurrence of displacement. Nor did the citizens’ feeling of safety and perception of the problems change significantly as a result of the interventions.
Independence and integrity in research are prerequisites for objective and ethically responsible research. At the same time, image promotion plays a significant role in many contemporary organisations, and this might influence how research is carried out and presented. The article suggests that organisational branding is significant to understand the conditions in which researchers conduct and present critical research on powerful organisations. In this article we explore what prevents researchers from challenging the police’s brand and how researchers can act when their results do so. The results are based on several sources of data, such as field notes, public records, media statements, research reports and interviews with researchers who have presented critical research.
This article addresses the perceptions and experiences of young ethnic minorities in Oslo and their frequent encounters with the police at the high schools they attend in the eastern and southern suburbs. These police meetings are mainly aimed at preventing crime, such as drugs at schools, and building trust with students and staff. Scholars, however, have debated how frequent controls and policing in more deprived areas inhabited by a large proportion of minorities can have negative effects on procedural justice. In this article, I demonstrate that the youth attending these schools can experience fear, stigma and injustice in the heavy presence of police on a daily, weekly and monthly basis. I argue that these encounters between youth and the police are key to address in order to inform our understanding of mistrust towards the police and challenge strategies of policing.
I denne artikkelen tar vi for oss en viktig funksjon i den norske Nærpolitireformen, nemlig «etterretning». Vi forklarer her hva etterretningsstyrt politiarbeid er, og hvordan det er tenkt operasjonalisert i Norge gjennom Etterretningsdoktrinen. Denne doktrinen medfører, slik vi ser det, vesentlige endringer i politirollen. Vi identifiserer i artikkelen noen av disse endringene og diskuterer hva som kreves av politigeneralisten for å leve opp til denne nye rollen.
2-2019, vol 6
Nordisk politiforskning har som mål å presentere ny kunnskap og forskning innen politiforskning, politivitenskap og polisiær virksomhet (policing) i de nordiske landene.
Tidsskriftets hovedformål er å medvirke til utviklingen av fagfeltet politiforskning, samt spredningen av relevant forskning innen akademia, blant praktikere, ledere, i utdanningssystemet, myndighetene og media. Tidsskriftet skal ha en uavhengig kritisk rolle i fagutviklingen og tar sikte på å styrke fagfeltets akademiske kvalitet, samt publisere artikler av praktikere som utfører forskning på eget felt.
Tidsskriftets målgruppe er primært forskere, utdanningsinstitusjoner på alle nivåer, praktikere, politiets ledelse, media og politiske myndigheter, især innen justissektoren.
Brita Bjørkelo, professor, Politihøgskolen, Norge
Mehdi Ghazinour, professor, Umeå Universitet, Sverige
Vesa Muttilainen, professor, University College, Tampere, Finland
Nadja Kirchhoff Hestehave, specialkonsulent, Rigspolitiet, Danmark
Mattias Örnerheim, universitetslektor, Linnéuniversitetet, Växjö, Sverige
Helene Oppen Ingebrigtsen Gundhus, professor, Universitetet i Oslo
Eileen S. Berglie, Politihøgskolen, Norge
Sats: Bøk Oslo ASOmslagsdesign: Kord ASISSN online: 1894-8693DOI: 10.18261/issn.1894-8693Tidsskriftet eies av Politihøgskolen og støttes økonomisk av Danske Politimyndigheter, Politihøgskolen i Tampere, Finland, Umeå Universitet, Linnéuniversitetet Växjö, Malmö Universitet, Högskolan i Borås og Södertörns högskola i Sverige.Tidsskriftet utgis i samarbeid med Universitetsforlaget.© Universitetsforlaget 2019 / Scandinavian University Press