The expansion of the Norwegian DNA database in 2008, the so called «DNA reform», was founded on the belief that DNA increases the detection rate of volume crime significantly. We have conducted a study of Norwegian police registers to see what effects DNA actually has on detection rates in volume crime. The good news is that there is little doubt that DNA affects the detection rate. The overall detection rate for the criminal offenses we have studied in our selected police districts in the selected period was 8 %. In cases with a DNA profile the detection rate was 44 %. In cases with hits against the DNA identity register the detection rate was 81%, and in cases with hits against the DNA investigation register the detection rate was 62 %. However, the bad news is the very low proportion of cases where police gather biological samples which result in a DNA-profile and hits. This implies that no matter how high the detection rate is in cases with DNA profile, it will not affect the overall detection rate.
Nøkkelord: Politistudent, politiutdanning, erfaring, dydsetikk, verdier, følelser, politipraksis
What motivates young people to become police officers? This article is based on a qualitative study of newly recruited police students at the Norwegian Police University College in Bodø. From the interview data, the article presents four findings regarding what motivates students to become police officers. These findings show that the choice of occupation is related to the students lived experiences, relationships, attachments, ideals, and values. Analysis of the students lived experiences demonstrates a connection between the students’ upbringing, environment, and their personal and professional ambitions. We discuss these findings from the perspective of virtue ethics, and other recent studies of police students. Finally, we show why virtue ethics is relevant for police work, and suggest how to implement this approach. This topic is one we believe should receive more attention and emphasis in police science and education.
This article explores the local security governance in the city of Bergen, and it thus highlights what characterizes security governance within a Norwegian context. The burgeoning policing literature suggests that we live in a pluralized and networked society – ideas of cooperation have thus been perceived as important features for the effectiveness in security governance. Cooperative relations between public and private actors are the main focus of this article and such arrangements are empirically explored in the city of Bergen. These relations are explored on the basis of the theoretical framework state anchored pluralism and nodal governance. The key finding is that there seems to be an unfulfilled potential in the security governance in Bergen. The public police have difficulties with cooperating with and exploiting the potential possessed by the private security industry. It is suggested that these difficulties are related to a mentality problem within the police institution, derived from nodal governance, that is, the police are influenced by a punishment mentality and view themselves as the only possible actor which can and should maintain the security.