In less than 15 years, child baptism has gone from being a mainstream tradition to a minority practice. This decline is a result of both high unaffiliation, especially with the Church of Sweden, and a more diversified religious society due to migration. Using microdata from parents of children born in 2005 and 2015, we were able to discern that differences in the practice of child baptism in the Church of Sweden are positively associated with the parents’ relation to the church, residence in rural areas, and income. Our LPM analysis shows that the probability of a child being baptized are mainly determined by the parents’ relation to the church when controlling for all the other variables. The most influential factors are the mother’s affiliation and an urban lifestyle. Parents’ marital status and socioeconomic circumstances have a strong effect on the decision to baptize a child, therefore affecting who becomes a future member of the church.
The aim of the present study is to examine possible changes in the politicisation of religion in Scandinavia over time in records from parliamentary debates in Denmark, Norway and Sweden 1988–1989, 1998–1999, 2008–2009 and 2018–2019. The study shows that religion and especially Islam continue to be highly politicised in Denmark and Sweden, with the right-wing populist parties as a driving force. However, changes in the party systems may have contributed to changes in the politicisation of religion. In the Danish parliament, the right-wing populist Danish People’s Party has faced growing competition when religion has been politicised through increasing problematisation, which may have contributed to the party’s major loss of voters in the 2019 election. In contrast, religion has been politicised to a lesser degree in the Norwegian parliament, possibly due to the fact that the right-wing populist Progress Party was part of the government at the time and therefore was expected to take on a higher degree of compromises.
The purpose of this study is to explore the dynamic relationship between media, authority and religion in an educational context, in order to gain a more nuanced view of how authority on religion can be constructed. Two research questions are posed: 1. How do the studied teachers negotiate their authority in relation to various media materials and discourses?; and 2. How can recent developments of mediatization theory be helpful in studying authority on religion in a previously underexplored context? To answer these questions, empirical examples from a study of 22 teachers of religious education (RE) are analysed using a theoretical view of authority as relational, as well as a conceptualisation of media dynamics. The article presents findings that highlight how authority can be negotiated in an RE context, and how recent developments within mediatization theory, for example the concept of co-structuring, can give a more dynamic perspective on how teachers construct their authority on religion in an RE context.
Jürgen Habermas’s recent work deserves critical engagement from scholars who study religion. His analysis of the religious heritage of the modern Western world identifies important sources, topics, and challenges to modern societies that have distanced themselves from a metaphysical and religious worldview. Taking his point of departure in the axial age and its universalist tendencies, he shows that this development caused changes in religion and society that still are relevant if one wants to understand the role of religion in contemporary society. Nevertheless, it can be critically argued that Habermas’s work would have benefited from more direct engagement with empirical studies of contemporary religion, and that this would have led to a more informed understanding of religion in contemporary life-worlds.
Nordic Journal of Religion and Society
2-2020, volume 33
Nordic Journal of Religion and Society (NJRS) is an arena for all disciplines that study the field of relations between religion, churches, religious institutions, culture and society. NJRS is the only Nordic journal devoted to these issues.
Sociology of religion is a key discipline, but NJRS also includes contributions from scholars in psychology of religion, religious studies, church history and theology. The journal only publishes articles in English. NJRS is a referee journal at level 2 in the Norwegian system, and is published twice a year.
Professor and Adjunct professor Inger Furseth, Norway
Professor Mia Lövheim, Sweden
Netta Marie Rønningen
Associate professor Magdalena Nordin (Review Editor), Sweden
Senior researcher Kimmo Ketola, Finland
Associate professor Lars Laird Iversen, Norway
Assistant professor Tomas Axelson, Sweden
Professor Pétur Pétursson, Iceland
Professor Margit Warburg, Denmark
Design og typesetting: Type-it AS, Trondheim
ISSN online: 1890-7008
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The journal is published with the support of Nordic Board for Periodicals in the Humanities and Social Sciences (NOP-HS) and KIFO, Institute for Church, Religion and Worldview Research.