In the 21st century, the Church of Sweden has lost its dominant position with regard to the ritualization of birth, marriage, and death. Above all, civil ceremonies have become more common. These are very free in form and content, but ritual actors often make them similar to church rituals. This article aims to investigate how practices used in ritualization in religious organizations are transferred to and given meaning in a civil context. In the study, 12 narrators talked about experiences of name-giving ceremonies, civil weddings, and civil funerals that they had designed and experienced. The results show that ritual actors’ social, religious, and cultural contexts have an impact on how ritual transfer is undertaken and given meaning. Civil ceremonies can connect to, as well as express resistance toward, religious organizations, religious traditions, and beliefs.
Occult reality is a stream in reality TV, and part of a transnational franchise industry where adaptations of program concepts are being made in new contexts. This article scrutinizes the introduction and developments of occult reality in Sweden. The article answers the following questions: How are Swedish series framed by program concepts from the international TV market? What are the similarities between the narratives and aesthetics in occult reality and that of other TV genres? Which role do genre conventions and program concepts play in shaping contemporary spiritualities and their representations? The main material consists of Swedish versions of occult reality shows. Analytical inspiration is drawn from theories of mediatization and media logic. The article shows a native “occult reality universe” was constructed around The Unknown (Det okända) where mediums cast out spirits from people’s homes. Like several programs in the reality genre, The Unknown creates the events it documents. The Unknown script taps into other scripts from trends both in reality TV and horror fiction, and participants have been given roles and tasks on the basis of those scripts. For mediums, participation in fact implied taking up “house cleansings” as an adaption to the script and franchise.
This study explores notions of calling in management careers in faith-based and religious organisations. What are the similarities and differences between managers’ understanding of their work as a calling in these two types of organisation? How do they negotiate calling in their work? We use interview data from nine middle managers in a faith-based hospital and nine deans in the Evangelical-Lutheran Church of Norway. The article builds on cross-disciplinary literature on calling in working life. We theorise, by using comparisons, how notions of calling are resources for managers when they negotiate identity. Our findings show that the hospital managers respond to the modern meaning-making calling as emanating from within and outside, while the deans also experience the traditional religious calling from above. Such notions blend in our conceptualisation of calling as pluralistic, biographical and present-oriented. Both categories of managers report that their transition into management is guided by an orientation to serve and to promote organisational mission and values.
This article presents the orientations to religion found in a study of young Swedes aged 16-24, as well as the association between their orientation to religion and reported contact surface with religion. Drawing on the concept of religious complexity, the exploratory analysis approaches youth and religion in Sweden in light of three simultaneous developments that characterize contemporary Sweden: religious decline, religious diversity, and subjective approaches to religion. Based on survey data from 2014 (n=1019), the findings from a K Means cluster analysis point to four main orientations to religion amongst youth in Sweden: “Unconcerned,” “Believers,” “Belongers” and “Neutrals,” characterized by diverging patterns of self-identification, religious affinity, estimated importance of faith, and religious traditions. Further analysis explored associations between orientations to religion and contact surface with religion in everyday life. By distinguishing between different forms of non-religious positions and expressions of affinity to religion, the study contributes to new insights on religion in Sweden.
Nordic Journal of Religion and Society
2-2019, volume 32
Nordic Journal of Religion and Society (NJRS) is an arena for all disciplines that study the field of relations between religion, churches, religious institutions, culture and society. NJRS is the only Nordic journal devoted to these issues.
Sociology of religion is a key discipline, but NJRS also includes contributions from scholars in psychology of religion, religious studies, church history and theology. The journal only publishes articles in English. NJRS is a referee journal at level 2 in the Norwegian system, and is published twice a year.
Professor and Adjunct professor Inger Furseth, Norway
Professor Mia Lövheim, Sweden
Ann Kristin Gresaker
Associate professor Magdalena Nordin (Review Editor), Sweden
Senior researcher Kimmo Ketola, Finland
Associate professor Lars Laird Iversen, Norway
Assistant professor Tomas Axelson, Sweden
Professor Pétur Pétursson, Iceland
Professor Margit Warburg, Denmark
Design og typesetting: Type-it AS, Trondheim
ISSN online: 1890-7008
Copyright: Material reproduced in the journal is governed at all times by the current regulations of the standard contract agreement concerning publication of a work of literature in journals, between Den Norsk Forleggerforening og Norsk faglitterær forfatter og oversetterforening, see also www.nffo.no.
The journal is published with the support of Nordic Board for Periodicals in the Humanities and Social Sciences (NOP-HS) and KIFO, Institute for Church, Religion and Worldview Research.