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In his book Do Mediated Political Scandals Affect Party Popularity in Norway? Midtbø describes how scandals end political careers but rarely harm parties. This goes against common sense. The volume and negative tone in the media’s coverage suggest otherwise. Opinion polls reflect how people lose trust in parties. My aim is to explain this paradox. Two hypotheses are discussed: the party-favoritism hypothesis argues that people tend to overlook and forget about scandals that have hit their preferred party. The personalization hypothesis focuses on media content. Political scandals are rarely treated as political issues. The focus is on the personal drama, the politician’s moral downfall. The empirical analyses are performed on a survey material collected in 2012. Only the party-favoritism hypothesis is supported.
Fiskerlivets farer – probably produced between 1906 and 1908 – is regarded the first Norwegian fiction film, but what was it like? It is lost, and the existing sources are deficient. The aim of this article is to contribute to a better understanding of how the film may have been. Crucial sources are discussed, most importantly the photographer's pronouncements about it in film journals and newspapers. The image we get from the sources is compared to a compilation of two Danish films, Fiskerliv i Norden (1906) and Ved Havet (1909), as well as to Bjørnson's «Faderen» (1860). Among other things, it is argued that this Norwegian film could not have been a plagiarised version of Fiskerliv i Norden, as has been suggested, and that nature was an essential part not only of Fiskerlivets farer, but of several other films from Jaenzon's period in Norway.
Since the introduction of online newspapers in the mid-1990s, the industry has striven for the introduction of user payments. One potential innovation could be package deals for access to more titles. Based on innovation theory and principles of fair division, this article discusses how revenue might be distributed among participants if a model for joint payment was successful.