«My grave it is as dark as the night» – the uncanny and the traumatic in Maurits C. Hansen’s short story «Novellen» (1827).
This article is a reading of Maurits C. Hansen’s short story «Novellen» with emphasis on how uncanny aspects are constructed with regard to repetition. Freud’s essay «Das Unheimliche» (1919) is used to investigate how Freud’s notion of the compulsion to repeat can produce feelings of the uncanny. Repetitions are examined on the structural level and on a thematic level. Furthermore, the only woman present in the short story, Miss Sars, is read as being a traumatized subject resisting the inquiring looks and questions of her male investigators, and theories of trauma are used to elaborate on her condition. However, her trauma forces her to lead a repetitive existence that also adds to the uncanny qualities of the text.
Sofi Oksanen and Estonia’s past: Purge as a memory text.
This article claims that the international success of the Finnish writer Sofi Oksanen needs to be explained by how she makes her readers relate to the period of the Soviet Occupation of Estonia. Focusing on the structure of the plot, the narrative technique, the characters and the description of their bodies in her novel Purge (2008), I argue that Oksanen’s text not only deals with memory, but needs to be seen as a memory text, as, with Alison Landsberg (2004), prosthetic memory. Special attention is paid to the way Oksanen makes uses of material taken from other media. Due to what I with Bolter and Grusin (1999) call a remediation process, the reader gets the impression that she herself experiences the described past events, and thus, the memory contained in the novel becomes part of the reader’s life.
Literature and morality. From J. L Heiberg to today.
This article argues that moral considerations are to be found at the very heart of any literary experience and any literary evaluation. This point is made, primarily, through a historical survey that seeks to trace the interaction of art and morality in a Scandinavian context during the last two centuries. Toward the end of the article, the author seeks to define more systematically what ethico-aesthetic reading must look like today.
This article deals with the terms «new criticism» and «modernism», and discusses whether there exists a «Norwegian new criticism» in the post war period, and what kind of «new criticism» this in that case would be. Questions often raised in debates in the Norwegian literary field is taken as the article's point of departure, and the article examines whether there exists a relationship between «new criticism» and «modernism», and whether «new criticism» even could be seen as the theoretical side of «modernism». In order to answer these questions, the article explores the terms in a broader historical context, looking at the field of literary theory in Germany and France.