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Editorial
Åpen tilgang
(side 209-212)
av Nanna Kann-Rasmussen, Hans Dam Christensen, Jamie Johnston og Isto Huvila
Tema: Artikler
Åpen tilgang
Autonomiparadokset i ABM
En analyse af ABM-institutionernes ændrede omverdensrelationer og deres implikationer
Vitenskapelig publikasjon
(side 213-230)
av Nanna Kann-Rasmussen og Casper Hvenegaard Rasmussen
Engelsk sammendrag

As a consequence of modernity sociologists highlight rapid changes as a major characteristic of the present society. Within Library and Information Science, Archival Science and Museum Studies scholars also emphasize changes as a major characteristic of libraries, archives and museums (LAM). The aim of this paper is to analyze the changing relations between society and the LAMs. The theoretical framework for the analysis is on one hand concepts as social fields and autonomy coined by the deceased French sociologist Pierre Bourdieu. On the other hand a history of welfare management developed by the Danish political scientist Niels Åkerstrøm Andersen. The article shows that the relation between society and the LAMs is paradoxical. This means that the LAMS have experienced the growing focus on users and performance indicators such as number of visits or loans as a decrease in their autonomy at the same time as they have been able to pursue new ways of fulfilling their purpose as well as finding new problems to which they themselves can be a solution.

Åpen tilgang
Vitenskapelig publikasjon
(side 231-256)
av Roswitha Skare, Sigrid Stokstad og Andreas Vårheim
Engelsk sammendrag

The Norwegian Archive, Library and Museum Authority (ABM-utvikling – Statens senter for arkiv, bibliotek og museum) existed between 2003 and 2010. This article raises the question of why ABM-utvikling was not continued as a cultural policy instrument for the LAM sector. The new body for LAM policy development was based on the notion of converging media expressions and institutions in the digital age, and the need for coordination of central government LAM-policies. Several external evaluations and follow-up reorganizations worked towards reestablishing sector-based order in the years leading up to closure, reflected and reinforced the dampened, and conflicting aspirations regarding LAM-policy convergence. This case study provides a basis for elucidating the conditions for state governance in the cultural heritage area, contributes to the academic and professional discussion of models of public sector governance and public administration reorganization processes, and is a contribution to the international literature on institutional coordination and convergence in the LAM field. Collaboration and convergence in the LAM sector can be about several different things, such as co-location, different forms of collaboration (e.g., on exhibitions) and digitalization. The article describes the process from the establishment of ABM–utvikling in 2003 through several reorganizations and closure in 2010. An underlying and central issue in the process was the organization of the digitization of cultural heritage, and whether a separate LAM sector central government agency for digitalization policy coordination was the appropriate policy instrument to achieve this objective.

Åpen tilgang
ABM-utviklings vekst og fall
Historien om hvordan en kulturpolitisk institusjon ble født og døde
Vitenskapelig publikasjon
(side 257-276)
av Ole Marius Hylland
Sammendrag

Denne artikkelen forteller historien om den kortlivede kulturpolitiske institusjonen ABM-utvikling – Statens senter for arkiv, bibliotek og museum. ABM-utvikling ble etablert i 2003, med store ambisjoner for kulturfaglig og kulturpolitisk synergi mellom tre sektorer. Syv år senere ble institusjonen nedlagt, og dermed forsvant også det mest synlige utslaget av ABM-ideen i Norge. Jeg er interessert i å beskrive og forstå hvorfor det ble slik. Hvorfor falt den kulturpolitiske løven fra 2003 ned som en kritisert skinnfell i 2010? Artikkelen tar utgangspunkt i at ABM-utvikling representerte et sammenfall mellom en etablert kulturforvaltning, et sett med nye kulturpolitiske ideer, og ikke minst en teknologisk utvikling som skjøt rask og uforutsigbar fart under ABM-utviklings korte levetid. I artikkelen forsøker jeg å besvare spørsmålene om hvilke mekanismer som lå bak etablering og nedleggelse av denne institusjonen, og om hvilke aktører og prosesser som var i spill underveis. Empirisk bygger artikkelen på dokumentanalyse og intervjuer. Der analytiske utgangspunktet er en utprøving av om garbage can-modellen for endring/utvikling av organisasjoner kan kaste lys over ABM-utvikling som case (Cohen, March og Olsen 1972), og da særlig i John W. Kingdons reviderte utgave (Kingdon 1993, 2011).

Åpen tilgang
Vitenskapelig publikasjon
(side 277-294)
av Bodil Axelsson
Sammendrag

This article brings together theories on copyright, information commons and political economy to discuss the implications of memory institutions’ convergence with informational capitalism. The imperatives of sharing and participating prompt memory institutions to deal with their holdings in terms of property, and they invest time and resources in rights clearances, licensing procedures and in marking up works and artefacts as belonging to the public domain. This situation also compels them to allocate working hours to interaction on platforms owned and controlled by global media companies. Viewed through the lens of political economy, sharing and participation become gifts, not only to the public, but also to social media businesses when data traces are turned into private goods of value in informational capitalism. In return for their gifts, memory institutions fulfil democratic missions and gain reputation. However, data mining and the strategic placement of information which this allows for, run the risk of supporting populist misappropriation of heritage.

Åpen tilgang
Vitenskapelig publikasjon
(side 295-311)
av Sara Nyhlén og Katarina L Gidlund
Sammendrag

According to narrative trends, digitalization has the potential to deconstruct existing power structures and increase participation and democracy in society; however, we will argue, it is unable to accomplish these changes on its own. Specifically, the deconstruction of existing structures cannot happen through digitalization alone; instead, these results depend on how digitalization is done. It is important to focus on understanding what happens in the digitalization process, what is transformed, as well as when it is done, and by whom. We will, therefore, combine a policy enactment framework with a critical analytical framework of digitalization to create a possibility to address the institutional power aspects of digitalization in a specific setting i.e., cultural heritage. We do this by analyzing how policy enactment, which is a way to understand policymaking as a process of organizational interpretations and translations by diverse policy actors, affects the construction of cultural heritage. The results show how digitalization easily becomes a process that is unable to question, it tends to engulf all other values, and cultural heritage is turned into meta-data, getting ‘clicks’ on the internet and attracting tourists to the region.

Åpen tilgang
Deltagelsens paradoks
Samlingens rolle i den brugerinddragende formidling
Vitenskapelig publikasjon
(side 312-331)
av Rasmus Grøn og Lise Kloster Gram
Sammendrag

Denne artikel analyserer og diskuterer forholdet mellem samling og brugerinddragelse i kulturinstitutionernes formidling. Brugerinddragelse er blevet et nyt, trans-institutionelt imperativ i kulturlivet, hvilet også har affødt en konceptuel konvergens mellem kulturlivets institutioner i form af fælles mål og strategier for formidlingsarbejdet. Men hvilke konsekvenser har dette fokus på at inkludere og aktivere borgerne for institutionernes traditionelle kulturpolitiske, borgerrelaterede opgave: at formidle kurateret kultur og viden til borgerne? Artiklen undersøger dels denne problemstilling gennem et teoretisk perspektiv, dels gennem et casestudie af LitteraturStedet på Åby Bibliotek i Aarhus. Her analyseres en række litteraturformidlingsinitiativer, som for det første peger på hvordan forskellige grader af og former for brugerinddragelse kan påvirke samlingens status i formidlingen, men også modificere forståelsen af samling og formidling. For det andet kaster formidlingsinitiativerne lys på den aktuelle konvergens i kulturinstitutionernes formidling gennem deres inspiration fra andre kulturinstitutioners – især museers – formidlingspraksisser og deres illustration af trans-institutionelle vilkår og dilemmaer for kulturformidlingen.

Åpen tilgang
Vitenskapelig publikasjon
(side 332-354)
av Patrick Prax, Björn Sjöblom, Lina Eklund, Niklas Nylund og Olle Sköld
Sammendrag

Digital games have become a central part of contemporary culture and society. At the same time digital games provide numerous challenges for collections, preservation efforts, documentation, and exhibitions. This article investigates the challenges and opportunities implicit in LAM convergence and collaboration with actors outside of the LAM-sector itself. These actors are stakeholders of various kinds within game culture: game makers and industry, players, and rogue archives. More specifically, we turn to the collaboration in two Nordic museums in their work with digital games: The Finnish Museum of Games and the National Swedish Museum of Science and Technology. We draw on their actual efforts at collaboration between LAM-institutions and outside stakeholders and analyze them through the lens of political participation and agonistic pluralism. These concepts come from an interpretation of the participatory agenda in cultural policy that aims to resolve inconsistencies in the participatory agenda specifically around neoliberal logics of participation.

The paper asks: How can the preservation of digital games be supported through participation of stakeholders inside and outside the LAM sector, and what policy changes would such collaborations require?

This paper concludes that political participation and agonistic pluralism are useful concepts for the modeling and understanding of game preservation and provide a possible solution for the paradoxes of the participatory agenda in Nordic cultural policy. Our comparison of the work in two museums shows that approaches that empower participants can lead to successful and surprising exhibitions not possible without the sharing of curatorial power. Policy regulating LAM-institutions should change in order to accommodate players, makers, and rogue archives as participants in game preservation efforts. For the future the participatory agenda in cultural policy should be interpreted through the lens of political participation and agonistic pluralism as calling for truly empowering participants in order to elevate participation in game preservation from lucky accidents to a political participation policy.

Artikler
Åpen tilgang
Breaking New Ground
Intrapreneurs in Swedish Cultural Institutions
(side 355-380)
av Staffan Albinsson
Sammendrag

In this study, ten intrapreneurs from Swedish Cultural Institutions have been interviewed. They are cultural entrepreneurs, rather than “civil servants” or “officials”, in heart, spirit and action. Who are they? Why did they succeed? Their individual success stories are presented. Some have created new activities while maintaining their organisations reformed, but intact. One reshaped her institution to a fundamentally new position where what was produced was far from what had been the case when she was first employed. The respondents’ assessments regarding the accuracy of ten statements regarding the cultural entrepreneur’s mind-set are discussed. The “quadruple-bottom-line of cultural entrepreneurship” is used as an analysis method, including: (1) economic prosperity, (2) artistic innovation, (3) social change, and (4) institutional development. Furthermore, how the ten intrapreneurs have influenced Swedish Cultural Policy Acts is also discussed.

Call for Thematic Issue
Åpen tilgang
Call for Thematic Issue 2/2021
Nordisk Kulturpolitisk Tidsskrift / Nordic Journal of Cultural Policy
(side 391)
Call for Papers
Åpen tilgang
Call for Papers
Nordisk Kulturpolitisk Tidsskrift / Nordic Journal of Cultural Policy
(side 392)

2/2019, Vol. 22

www.idunn.no/ts/nkt

Nordisk Kulturpolitisk Tidsskrift er et fagfellevurdert tidsskrift. Det publiserer forskning som bidrar til å utvikle kunnskapen om nordisk kulturpolitikk eller forskning som er relevant for nordisk kulturpolitikk.

Nordisk Kulturpolitisk Tidsskrift er gratis og tilgjengelig for alle. Artiklene må gjerne deles digitalt. Da må det lenkes direkte til artikkelen i Idunn og det må tydelig fremgå hvem som har skrevet artikkelen.

Følg tidsskriftet på Facebook (søk på Nordisk kulturpolitisk tidsskrift) og Twitter @NKT_Journal

Ansvarlig utgiver

Centrum för kulturpolitisk forskning ved Högskolan i Borås

Redaktør

Specialforskare Sakarias Sokka, Det kulturpolitiska forskningscentret Cupore

Konsortium

Tidsskriftet finansieres av et konsortium bestående av flere nordiske akademiske institusjoner:

– Det Informationsvidenskabelige Akademi, Københavns Universitet

– Copenhagen Business School, Copenhagen

– Institut for Kommunikation og Kultur, Aarhus Universitet

– Det kulturpolitiska forskningscentret Cupore, Helsinki

– University of Jyväskylä, Jyväskylä

– Universitetet i Sørøst-Norge

– Telemarksforsking, Bø

– BI Norwegian Business School, Oslo

– Bibliotekshögskolan, Högskolan i Borås

Redaksjonskomité

Danmark

Trine Bille, professor, Copenhagen Business School

Louise Ejgod Hansen, lektor, Aarhus Universitet

Nanna Kann-Rasmussen, lektor, Institut for Informationsstudier, Københavns Universitet

Island/Danmark

Bjarki Valtysson, lektor, Københavns Universitet

Finland

Miikka Pyykkönen, professor, University of Jyväskylä

Norge

Tobias Harding, professor, Universitetet i Sørøst-Norge (USN)

Ole Marius Hylland, seniorforsker, Telemarksforskning

Sverige

Ann-Sofie Köping, lektor, Södertörns högskola

Linnéa Lindsköld, lektor, Bibliotekshögskolan, Högskolan i Borås

Kontaktinfo

Ansvarlig redaktør Sakarias Sokka

E-post: sakarias.sokka@cupore.fi

Tlf: 00358 50 387 2728

Redaksjonssekretær Anna Kanerva

E-post: anna.kanerva@cupore.fi

Tlf: 00358 50 302 1414

Design og sats: Tekstflyt AS

Design omslag: Lilo Design

Forsidebilde: Ny Carlsberg Glyptotek, Köpenhamn. Foto: Sakarias Sokka

ISSN online: 2000-8325

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