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Forholdet mellom moral og lykke - en systematisk tilnærming



Professor ved Universitetet i Tromsø – Norges arktiske universitet, Institutt for filosofi og førstesemesterstudier

roe.fremstedal@uit.no

Roe Fremstedal, ph.d., er professor ved UiT, arbeider med etikk og religionsfilosofi. Bokutgivelse: Kierkegaard and Kant on Radical Evil and the Highest Good (Palgrave Macmillan 2014).

Denne artikkelen omhandler forholdet mellom moral og streben etter individuell lykke. Jeg argumenterer for en mellomposisjon mellom etisk egoisme og kvietisme (anti-eudaimonisme) hvor det er substansielt – men ikke fullstendig – sammenfall mellom moral og lykke.

This article concerns the relation between morality and prudence, between living morally and pursuing personal happiness. The author argues for an intermediary position, in which morality and happiness partially overlap and partially diverge. The argument is based on the assumption that we are interested in both morality and happiness and that the two are not necessarily identical (an assumption that is compatible with several different ethical frameworks). The author discusses and criticizes the following positions: (1) the idea of a moral order, in which morality and happiness necessarily coincide, (2) the idea of a tragic world, in which morality and happiness necessarily collide, and (3) the idea of a moral lottery, in which the relation between morality and happiness is arbitrary. The author concludes by discussing and defending an intermediary position between ethical egoism and quietism (anti-eudaimonism) that is compatible both with non-eudaimonism (e.g. Kantianism) and forms of eudaimonism (virtue ethics) that allow for prioritizing morality above prudence at the level of local deliberations and motives. The proposed, intermediary position involves a weak form of the dualism of practical reason, in which morality and happiness overlap substantially yet diverge partially.

Keywords: Morality, Prudence, Altruism, Egoism, Eudaimonism, The Dualism of Practical Reason, Demoralization
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