Intersubjektivitet, kartesiansk subjekt eller kosmisk ånd? – Om Habermas og Taylors fortolkning av Hegels åndsbegrep
- Side: 131-145
- Publisert på Idunn: 2011-07-04
Intersubjectivity, Cartesian subject or Cosmic Spirit?
This article presents a critique of two influential interpretations of Hegels concept of spirit: Jürgen Habermass and Charles Taylorss. Habermass interpretation focuses on the break he sees Hegel undertaking when moving from the early to the late Jena-period. Hegel, Habermas claims, first formulates, but then abandons, a «detranscendentalized» and intersubjective conception of spirit, essentially regressing to a pre-critial mentalistic metaphysics. I argue that there is no such break and that Hegels conception of spirit includes a strong conception of both singular consciousness and intersubjectivity. Against Charles Taylors interpretation of Hegel concept of spirit as cosmic spirit, I argue that this cannot be a spirit that reduces individuality to a part of an all-encompassing whole. I finally try to combine insights from Habermass and Taylors interpretations in a short exposition of Hegels concept of spirit as a process of self-manifestation. This reveals a fundamental tension in Hegels system and points to a need for revisiting ontological readings of it.