Paradoxes in Sartre’s philosophy – and in our time

This article examines the phenomena of intersubjectivity and freedom in Jean-Paul Sartre's philosophy in the context of our individualistic consumer society. The idea of the individual's responsibility in the situation announces the problem or aporia of intersubjectivity. The early philosophy of Sartre must consequently be seen in relation to a problem complex where the questions related to bad faith and an authentic life, freedom and anxiety and the aporetic aspects of the intersubjective dimension collaborate in understanding the historically, physically and socially situated subject. This is the foundation for an individualistic view of life where a self-realisation according to the term freedom will be central. This has some clear parallels to today's consumer society. The article thus problematizes whether Sartre's philosophy can be said to be a theoretical justification of processes of individualization or if aspects of his philosophy can have an emancipatory function in regard to the more deterministic aspects of the consumer society.

Keywords: Intersubjectivity, Jean-Paul Sartre, freedom, responsibility, individuality, consumerism, the look, aporia