The neurosciences have made significant progress over the last decades, but new discoveries raise philosophical and theological problems that remain unresolved: How can we understand time and space, consciousness and meaning; how can we perceive religious experiences and faith in God if scientific explanations of the world are dominated by neurons and synapses? Two models of explanation dominate the emerging field of neurophilosophy: (i) naturalism, represented by philosophers such as Daniel Dennett and Patricia & Paul Churchland, and (ii) phenomenology, represented by philosophers such as Cathérine Malabou and Dan Zahavi. I will discuss the two approaches and their ability to explain recent developments in neuroscience, where I draw upon examples from the discovery of place and grid cells that resulted in the Nobel Prize in physiology or medicine to O’Keefe, Moser & Moser in 2014. A key question is how to explain the experience of transcendence as related to the perception of time and space within and through the neurons.

Nøkkelord: Nevrovitenskap, Livsvitenskap, Fenomenologi, Naturalisme, Rom, Tid, Gud