The purpose of this article is to illuminate how nurses’ knowledge regarding philosophy of science can benefit patients and nurses. Nurses are asked to be more efficient and, at the same time, act in the best interests of the patient. This may create a dilemma for nurses, i.e. should they satisfy their leadership’s demand for efficiency, or provide the best possible care for patients? We discuss a common situation facing a nurse at an orthopaedic post in light of hermeneutics, rationalism, empiricism and phenomenology. This article shows how knowledge about philosophy of science influence nurses in building person-oriented nursing. As such, this article illustrates the importance of including philosophy of science in the curriculum at nursing schools and that nurses can use these perspectives while balancing the interests of different stakeholders.

Keywords: Fundamentals of Care, healthcare providers, nursing theory, person-oriented care, personal narratives