Since deaths among Danish infants still occur frequently in the neonatal period, this article revolves around end-of-life care to terminal neonates born after the gestational age of 24 weeks.

This article is based on a literature review and aims to increase the knowledge and understanding of the neonate’s essential needs at end of life. The empirical material consists of nine texts that include recommendations, instructions and expert evaluations that are analysed on the basis of inspiration from the method of inductive content analysis. Four needs are defined as the most important: Pain Control, Attention to terminal symptoms, Adjustment to surroundings and Presence.

The findings show that the essential needs of the neonate involves both physical as well as social aspects that are necessary to accommodate. End-of-life care should be based on a holistic approach in which nurses are aware of having an individual approach and use professional assessment in any given situation.

Keywords: content analysis, end-of-life care, neonates, neonatal nursing, Total Pain