Background: The focus of this literature review is how sexuality and sexual issues are affected after having sustained a traumatic brain injury, and how this is dealt with in the rehabilitation setting. Methods: Together with a librarian from the reference library, we search for literature published between 1991-2011 on traumatic brain injury, sexuality, and rehabilitation using keywords and MESH terms relevant to our search criteria. Results: We found 98 articles, 40 were excluded due to their titles, 8 were excluded after screening the abstracts and the titles, 50 fulltext articles were screened for content and relevance for this study, 17 articles were excluded after reading the fulltext articles, 33 articles have been included in this study. Conclusion: Sexuality is a neglected area in rehabilitation after TBI, and there is a need for training of the nursing staff in this area.
Background: Violence against women is a world health problem which is to be targeted by educational nursing programmes. Objective: To explore knowledge and attitudes among students in an educational nursing programme regarding myths and beliefs about intimate partner violence (IPV). Method: Data were collected through questionnaires and focus groups interviews. Results: Survey data suggest that some nursing students did not believe in the myths about IPV. The students who still believed in the myths marginally manifested a change in attitude towards the myths. The focus group interviews yielded three main themes: “guilty or not guilty”; “a complex story”; and “from uncertainty to security”, and showed an increase of knowledge in IPV. Conclusion: Prior to their training, the students manifested both a belief in common myths about IPV and appropriate knowledge and understanding. Post-training demonstrated a minor increase of knowledge and change in beliefs. Training may alter these beliefs and contribute to changes in behaviour.
Background: In the last 10-20 years, several new eating disorders have been discovered, and orthorexia nervosa (ON) is one of them. Aim: How prevalent is ON among 16-29 years old young fitness users in the fitness centres of Copenhagen. In addition, to investigate if the prevalence of ON is higher among women than men. Method: Descriptive, cross-sectional survey. The American questionnaire “Orthorexia Screen” (OS), translated into Danish, was used. The data collection took place at two fitness centres in Copenhagen among 16-29 year-olds. Results: The prevalence of signs on ON was 8.4 % (N=119), 14.1 % for women and 1.8 % for men. There was a significant difference between women and men (p=0.02). Conclusion: There is a need to develop a validated questionnaire which can help detect young people in risk of having problems related to ON.