Kari Martinsen, who turned 70 on January 20th 2013, has been a widely used lecturer in Nursing and Health Sciences as well as a good colleague and collaborator. She has challenged many with her contributions in philosophy, theology and history research, existential and subject specific especially in medicine, nursing and teaching. This article attempts to summarise and lexically identify some of the most important aspects of Kari Martinsen’s work and the impact it has had on the development of primarily Danish nursing, philosophy, research and science. In Norway, His Majesty King Harald V appointed Professor Kari Martinsen Knight First Class of the Royal Norwegian Order of St. Olav for her efforts in Nursing/Philosophy in 2011. Kari Martinsen’s 70th anniversary was marked in Oslo on March 4th at 12 o’clock in the publisher Cappelen/Damm’s premises. The book “Necessary detours – a scientific anthology”, edited by Herdis Alsvåg, Ådel Bergland and Oddvar Førland was launched simultaneously. Kari Martinsen is still active as a professor emerita associated to the University College in Harstad and the Haraldsplass Diaconal University College in Bergen, both in Norway.
The aim of this study was to explore the challenges experienced by nurses when caring for young adults with cancer. The study was carried out to increase the understanding of basic competences when nursing these patients. Data analysis identified six competences: 1) acquire knowledge about young adults with cancer, 2) act as the young person’s source of experience, conveying their knowledge and experiences through age appropriate information, 3) show their expertise by contributing what they assess to be important for the young person, 4) take responsibility for making individual agreements with the young person, making the day work within the existing routines of the hospitals, 5) balance between being a private and a professional person, 6) create cooperation between the young adult, the parents and the nurse.
This study contributes to the development of future research based educational programmes to specialise nurses who care for young people with cancer.
Ventralherniotomi is a common procedure and seroma formation a common complication. Some hospitals recommend post-operative use of abdominal binders to prevent seroma.
In this study an extensive literature review showed no evidence concerning the effect of post-operative use of abdominal binders. A pilot study of patient experience was then conducted by interviewing three patients, who wore the abdominal binder for up to 14 days postoperatively while filling out logbooks. The study showed that some patients experience less pain, are more active and feel safer when wearing a binder postoperatively. However, some also experienced discomfort and could not wear it as much as recommended.
Conclusively, there is no evidence for using abdominal binders postoperatively on a regular basis, but some patients may experience less pain, feel safer and have a higher activity level, when wearing it.
Atrial fibrillation is the most common heart rhythm disturbance, and 50,000 Danes are living with this disease. Studies show reduced quality of life, including an increased tendency to anxiety in the patient group. However, there are no studies dealing with anxiety in patients with atrial fibrillation on an existential level. The aim of this study is to elucidate the existential reflections patients do in the course of their disease. It is based on three qualitative interviews. The theoretical frame is Yalom’s basic existential concerns and Eriksson’s suffering theory.
The findings show that patients in different ways are anxious and have existential concerns. Three recurring themes are found: death, loneliness and meaninglessness. Some patients find that the surroundings do not consider atrial fibrillation as a serious illness. Some have experienced that the staff is overlooking their individual needs during hospitalisation. Instead they are alone with their thoughts and anxiety.
It is a social and political demand to improve healthcare professionals’ knowledge of dementia. Within nursing education it is also a request to move young students who often possess stigmatizing attitudes to demented persons towards a more positive, empirically based approach to dementia care.
This article argues for an introduction of Alzheimer’s disease as a condition of suffering in the family. Dementia as suffering calls for a pluralistic healthcare perspective built upon neuropathophysiology, communication, psychology, pedagogy and nursing practice- and meta theories. Furthermore, the pluralistic approach offers nursing students a platform to catch suffering from the perspective of patients and families and to incorporate altruistic values in dementia care. Following the structure of a didactic, relational model the article carefully presents dementia classroom teaching. Cognitive as well as aesthetic learning contents and processes are in focus.