The purpose of this project was to find out whether newly Registered Nurses experience improvement of their competence in their first years of practical work, in: management of administration, supervision/education, and research/development. We also aimed to find out if they experienced support from their employer in this process.

Design of the study was descriptive and explorative with a hermeneutic approach.

Our findings were that the RN’s experienced acquisition of competence at the level expected by their employers at the onset of their work, no earlier than three years after they began working and only in management of administration. But no additional competences were acquired in the fields during the entire period. The organization of supervision depended much on the local situation at the work place. Our Conclusion is that the RN’s experienced improvement only of management of administration and experienced lack of support by their employers to improve their competences in other areas.