Critical voices claim that academic nursing lecturers have withdrawn from the clinical area, a situation which indicates a dissonance between the theoretical and clinical part of the nursing education both in Denmark as well as abroad.

This review is based on nine articles and reports and its aim is to describe the role of the nursing lecturer in clinical practice with regard to the nursing student’s education. It reveals several investigations in Norway and Sweden where there are differences in both the function and the organization of the role of the nursing lecturer. A situation in which nursing lecturers carry out functions in both theoretical and clinical areas was investigated. Their main function is to support the student’s learning and reflection in clinical settings where the student is nursing a patient, to cooperate with the clinical lecturers, to update their own clinical competence and skills, and finally to research and improve the quality of nursing.