This article provides an overview of Watson’s theory of Human Caring, sometimes referred to as Transpersonal Caring. Special emphasis is placed upon the core of the theoretical structure of caring, referred to as 10 Carative Factors/Caritas Processes (see website: www.uchsc.edu/nursing/caring). These core conceptual aspects of the theory, when grounded within the philosophical and ethical foundation of the overall work, serve as a guide for nursing education and practice as well as a professional-disciplinary blueprint for Caring Science.