Although nursing home residents with cognitive impairment are characterized by variations in functional capacities, we do not know how their participation in different activities is related to different types of function. The aim of our study was to compare the duration of participation behaviour in different activities among residents in special care units with informations about functional capacity. One hundred residents participated in six different activities after measures of mini mental state examination (MMSE) and basic behaviour were completed. Residents without participation behaviour during the activities were offered participation in tactile activities. Analyses showed that duration of participation behaviour was related to MMSE scores and to measures of basic behaviour.
The purpose of this study is to describe how persons with a permanent need of help experience to have to accept assistance from others during meals.
The results of the study indicate that the relation between assistant and assisted is decisive for the way in which the assisted experiences to be helped during meals. Intuition seems to be the ultimatively best quality an assistant may possess according to the participants in this study. But the study shows only a few examples of the desired intuition in the assistants. On the contrary, the participants report how they have experienced violations from the assistants who treat them like children, force their meals, and sometimes critizise the quality of their food.
Three different qualitative studies done by the authors are presented in which – in spite of care being the fundamental principle of the nursing profession – a lack of care is revealed in numerous situations. The fundamental concept of care is defined, and the causes of lack of care are suggested. The analysis of the causes of lack of care is performed from both an organizational and an educational perspective.
The changed conditions for nursing management of hospitals with diversified forms of organisation are discussed. These changed conditions influences and challenges the management and development of nursing, and nursing has to be seen as an integrated unity/synthesis with many other professions. In this context strategic and nursing management as a responsibility for all, i.e. for the individual, for the group, for the organisation in a hierarchial context, for networks, and for projects is also discussed. It is stressed that it is an important strategic challenge for the nurses to be able to create and communicate an increased focus on the patient in the quality of nursing and development of competencies.
Humanism is not an imitated process, but has to be edified as virtues in nursing practice. The transition from humanistic parade to humanistic practice is characterized by a shift from an idealized practice to a focus on personality. This path from theory to personalized practice is identified as a translation from hermeneutics to communication.
This article describes the production of a Finish nursing theorist, Professor Katie Eriksson, about nursing, caring, and the science of nursing. It includes the period between 1979 and 1984. There is a focus on some of the central concepts of her philosophy of nursing and caring: tending, playing, and learning in the spirit of love, belief, and hope. This is what caring has to be. Health is another important concept in the production of Katie Eriksson as well as development of the specific body of knowledge about nursing and caring.
The article is the first of three.
The idea of interprofessionality is illustrated in relation to the reform of health educations. Interprofessionality is discussed: What it is, what it isn’t, and how to consider interprofessionality during education in clinical practice. The conclusion is that if interprofessionality has to be considered during education a kind of social, professional and educational community in which more professions are educated and work together, must be created.
Attention is called to interprofesional students’ learning units as a possible structure for such communities and the argumentation is that it is a didactic construction.