For centuries the aim of medical science has been to cure and prevent diseases. This effort has been founded on natural science and technological development which has influenced the understanding of the concept of health. Traditionally health has been conceived of as a biological function of the body, as a health-illness dichotomy where pathogenesis has prevailed.

But health is much more than absence of illness. Aaron Antonovsky’s research has led to the Salutogenetic idea: The theory of the origin and genesis of health. Salutogenesis focusses on the learning processes of real life. From this point of view, new paths within the field of healthwork can be explored. Pedagogical awareness and thinking, however, are demanded from a health system which, in spite of its name, still focusses on illness.