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Leder
(side 121)
av Laura Katrine Skinnebach & Eli Heldaas Seland
Artikler
Vitenskapelig publikasjon
(side 122-130)
av David Morgan
Engelsk sammendrag

The instrumentality of religious artifacts is highlighted when they cross the boundaries of geography, spatial setting, religious rivalry, and cultural location. In the experience of some Protestant missionaries in Asia and the South Pacific, re-purposing sacred objects often meant the ‘hard’ iconoclasm of destroying them, in which case they become technologies of the counter-sacred, erasing the old to install a new and rival conception of sacrality. But the re-utilization of the objects could also sometimes mean the ‘soft’ iconoclasm of appropriating them for a new use, according to which the objects were ‘dispatched’ to London for display in the Missionary Museum as ‘trophies of Christianity.’ They were eventually de-accessioned and re-tasked once again as ethnographic artifacts, and in some instances as works of art.

Vitenskapelig publikasjon
(side 132-138)
av Barbara Baert
Engelsk sammendrag

The article investigates a group of sixteenth-century altarpieces, so-called Enclosed Gardens, and their instrumental role in a female religious context. These horticultural objects – for centuries exclusively made by women – consisted of remnants and récyclage, such as pearls, papier mâché, seals, embroidery, bones, stones and artificial flowers, sometimes complete with miniature biblical figurines made of clay or wood. Baert argues that these devotional altarpieces served as instruments for cultivation of the female religious mind and virtual pilgrimage to the Holy Land. The production of these intricate artifacts was in itself a practice of sensory and devotional meditation, an immersion in a nest of devotional power.

Vitenskapelig publikasjon
(side 142-152)
av Henning Laugerud
Engelsk sammendrag

This contribution explores the relationship between visions, images, and memory, and how this relates to the devotional culture. Through this I want to show that images are not only referential, “didactic iconographies” but productive. Here “meaning” is being produced through cognitive processes in the communicative act (or engagement) with images, as it was understood in the medieval period.

Vitenskapelig publikasjon
(side 154-162)
av Laura Katrine Skinnebach
Engelsk sammendrag

The Lutheran Reformation in Denmark was a period of change and continuity. Images, books and objects from a medieval devotional context stayed in use although sometimes with some changes, alterations or moderations. The present article investigates these appropriations, with particular focus on the practices of change in a Lutheran context and how this may have influenced the circulation of Lutheran devotional ideals.

Vitenskapelig publikasjon
(side 164-175)
av Hans Henrik Lohfert Jørgensen
Engelsk sammendrag

Confronted with the need for a new taxonomy of life, this article proposes a general model of animation comprising the operating principles of mechanical animation (e.g. techno-images, robotic images, automata, digital toys), biological animation (e.g. biopictures, biomedia, image cloning), magical animation (e.g. cult images, holy images, relics), and phenomenological animation (performed and enacted by the spectator herself). In different, but related ways, these modalities of animation bring images to life and surround us by living agencies and anima in visual media.

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