The Norwegian National Gallery’s collection and its presentation, focuses on Norwegian artists and art history in relation to international trends. In what way does the collection reflect cultures beyond the borders of Norway? Who is represented and who represents? This article focuses on how Norwegian artists have depicted North Africa versus the sub-Saharan region, concluding that while North Africa is represented as an idealized untouched Oriental culture, the images of the sub-Saharan region represent a wilder, rougher Africa with a close connection to nature.