Polar prestisje og vitenskapelig ære – Fridtjof Nansens kamp for havforskning ved universitetet
- Side: 611-637
- DOI: https://doi.org/10.18261/ISSN1504-2944-2009-04-04
- Publisert på Idunn: 2009-12-15
- Publisert: 2009-12-15
Fridtjof Nansens ekspedisjon med polarskipet «Fram» (1893–96) var
viktig for utviklingen av norsk havforskning. Nansen hadde store ambisjoner og mente norske forskere kunne lede an i utviklingen av fagfeltet internasjonalt. En viktig brikke for å nå dette målet var Roald Amundsen og hans planlagte nordpolekspedisjon, som skulle starte i 1910. Men Nansen skulle møte skuffelser og motstand fra flere hold i sitt forsøk på å bygge opp havforskningen ved Universitetet.
Polar prestige and scientific honour. Fridtjof Nansens struggle for oceanography at the University
Fridtjof Nansens expedition aboard the polar vessel «Fram» (1893–96) was a great contribution to Norwegian oceanography. The article discusses his attempt to develop oceanography and modern physical geography at the University of Kristiania in the years around 1910. Nansen believed that his research would be of great importance and give new insight to the understanding of the physical nature of the oceans. He also believed that Norwegian scientists would become world-leading oceanographers, but his vision was quickly shattered: His closest colleague, Bjørn Helland-Hansen, who was to become one of the most important figures in the development of oceanography, did not get a position at the university. Nansen could not cooperate with the Director of Fisheries, Johan Hjort, nor did he succeed in establishing the geographical institute that he wished for. He began to feel that the physical expansion of the university – with new museums, hall and library – had become a hindrance to a stronger emphasis on pure research. In addition, Roald Amundsens plan to research the Polar Basin, which was very important for Nansens scientific project, took an unexpected turn to the South Pole – his departure for the North Pole continually postponed.