Norwegian «tun» and European villages. A comparative research of origin, structure and institutional arrangements

During the second half of the 19th century, many Norwegian «tun» (clustered/nucleated farm-settlements, housing several families), were dissolved due to the enclosure movement.

The article deals with the Norwegian «tun» and discusses to what extent theese could be considered to be a kind of villages, simalar to the village-settlements found in neighbouring countries as in Sweden, Denmark and elsewhere in northern Europe.

The author argues that the reason why the Norwegian «tun» has not been considered to be villages earlier, is due to differences in reseach methodology and traditional agrarian terms in Norway compared to that of the neighbouring countries.

On this basics, the author claims that the Norwegian «tun» can be regarded as a village type, and he refers to the similarities they have with the small European villages like the German «Weiler», the Swedish «byer» and the English «hamlets».