During the Seven Year’s War of the North (1563–1570), Jemtland was occupied by the Swedish king from 1564 until 1571. The Swedes installed themselves in the province with several kinds of officials, from highranking bailiffs to low-level officials in the local communities. In other studies, the occupation has been treated as a period characterized by terror. This impression rests on a number of misconceptions, the author claims. Jemtland was occupied by the Swedes several times during the early modern period and features of later occupations have been projected “backwards” to the earlier. Using fiscal sources, the author provides a quite different account. There are two reasons as to why the author paints a different picture:

Firstly, the Swedes had no intention of impoverishing the Jemtlanders further. During the occupation the taxes were kept on the same level as before and after the war. Rather, the ultimate goal was to gather as many furs as possible. The income from the sale of these furs on the international market was higher than all the taxes collected in the province.

Secondly, the Jemtlanders did not resist the Swedish rule. Some left during the first year of the occupation, but people were moving away before the occupation as a response to difficult agricultural conditions. There are a few traces of Jemtlanders behaving in a negative fashion towards the occupiers but generally they cooperated with the Swedes. The Jemtlanders were against the war that broke out between the kings of Denmark-Norway and Sweden in 1563. Their resistance towards the war resulted from their wish to have their lensherre to negotiate peace between the two kings! Such pacifism is rare during the ancient regime.