Landskapsendringar sett gjennom ein museumsgard på Jæren – Audamotland i Hå
- Side: 291-302
- Publisert på Idunn: 2014-01-09
- Publisert: 2012-09-01
The farm museum «Audamotland» lies in Hå municipality in Jæren, specifically Low-Jæren which is the largest lowland plain in Norway. The last occupants left the farm at the end of the 1940s. The land was rented out and the buildings left to decay until the museum took over in 1994.
In 1865, corn, primarily oats, was grown for sale. Corn was still grown a hundred years later, but it was husbandry that provided an income. The arable acreage had been more than doubled, new varieties of grass were sown and the use of fertilisers had been revolutionised. Fruit and berries were also cultivated. The stony ground was cleared and the stones used to build stone dykes enclosing larger or smaller parcels. These changes characterise the landscape.
The outfield resources were coastal heather heaths and peat bogs. Mowing of the heaths ceased during the inter-war period, but grazing remained important. Peat-cutting was common throughout the life of the farm, for soil improvement and, principally, fuel. These activities also marked the landscape.
At Audamotland the changes that have marked Jæren between 1850 and 1950 can be clearly seen. This authentic museum farm is of high value for teaching, activities, guided tours and professional seminars.