Kulturlandskap på museum – er det mulig i praksis? Utfordringer og erfaringer fra det freda kulturmiljøet Havrå
- Side: 319-332
- Publisert på Idunn: 2014-01-09
- Publisert: 2012-09-01
Land consolidation was never implemented at Havrå farm, southern Osterøy, Hordaland. Due to steep topography, there were no benefits to be gained by re-organizing the ownership of the fields, the settlement pattern or land use strategies. Today, the original pattern of ancient building clusters, field structures and complex ownership to the land is better preserved at Havrå than at any other multi-owned farm in Norway. The entire farm was protected in 1998 as the first «area of special cultural environment» by the Ministry of Environment.
The gap between available resources and the objectives of this kind of protection is challenging. In addition to the buildings, the farm structure and the different types of human influenced plant ecology, it is also highly important to maintain the immaterial cultural heritage related to the tacit knowledge about how to run such a farm. This has developed as innumerable generations have adapted to local resources. Today, no-one lives off the farm which is now a part of the «Museum of Hordaland». The museum has a remit to preserve the heritage of the farm, but museal methods have not yet been developed to include living animals and cultural landscapes as parts of their collections.