Den før-industrielle gården – Havrå i Hordaland
- Side: 277-290
- Publisert på Idunn: 2014-01-09
Havrå is a west Norwegian farm settlement with a 4000 year history. The hamlet and the patterns of strip farming still exist. Modern equipment has never been used. Occupants of the 8 to 9 individual farm holdings have in sum utilised 290 decares of steep-sloped infield and ca 1800 decares of outlying land. Most of the forage was obtained from the infield meadows and outlying pastures, but bark shavings were much used. The outlying land had lost some of its usefulness by 1945, but shavings were still taken from pollarded trees in the infield and the closer outfield.
Semensjorda was the holding that was longest in use. Johannes and Ingrid Torp were alone in their generation to continue farming. Traditional ways of farming, with hand-mowing, hay-drying racks and traditional farming techniques were in use until farming ceased in 1949. In the last year of farming, only the land closest to the farm was used. Outfields and rough grazing and outlying strips of wood for burning and timber had lost their significance while more and more of the land was given over to woodland and cultivated forest. Today, some of the land is farmed again, and Semensjorda and Havrå have retained a structure and features of cultivation landscape that have a high degree of authenticity as judged by both national and international measures. To visualise the changes, data technology can be used to construct detailed maps and area accounts for different years and production localities.