Uldjøder, tøyjøder og klesjøder: Jødar i norsk varehandel 1851–1940
- Side: 145-162
- Publisert på Idunn: 2014-01-09
- Publisert: 2012-06-01
After the Jewish paragraph in the Norwegian constitution was annulled in 1851, only a few Jews settled here. The majority were relatively poor peddlers, shopkeepers or craftsmen from eastern Europe. In Norway, most of the immigrants were peddlers during their first years, selling goods like Norwegian fabrics, knitwear and garments. The Jewish peddlers were among the first to sell these goods to peasants, fishermen, miners and construction workers. If they could afford it, they preferred to open shops in town. Here the Jews became pioneers in selling low-priced garments. Some of the shopkeepers and wholesalers also began manufacturing garments, which were mainly sold from their own shops. It was possible for new traders to get access and to achieve success in the commodity trade around 1900 . Later, increased competition, stricter requirements and legal regulations made it more difficult. Nevertheless, the Jews already established in trade and industry helped new immigrants to gain a foothold in the labour market. Within the Jewish community it was seen as important, not only to be personally successful, but to raise the whole group, in the hope of avoiding negative stigma towards Jews in general.