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Leder
(side 1-3)
av Eirik Vassenden, Jørgen Magnus Sejersted og Christine Hamm
Vitenskapelig publikasjon
(side 4-17)
av Erik Bjerck Hagen
SammendragEngelsk sammendrag

Artikkelen diskuterer to ulike tilnærmingsmåter til Ibsens Vildanden. Den ene måten forsøker å si noe nytt om skuespillet ved hjelp av teoretiske og metodiske fornyelser; den andre vurderer de empiriske fakta i lys av den tradisjonelle Ibsen-forskningens samlede funn og uenigheter. Det er grunnlag for å påstå at det her avdekkes to kulturer i litteraturforskningen generelt: en teoristisk og en antiteoristisk og empirisk.

Nøkkelord: Ibsen, teori, antiteori, empirisme, pragmatisme, litteraturteori

Theorism and Antitheorism in Literary Studies – as illustrated by Ibsen’s The Wild Duck and its Reception History

The article discusses two very different approaches to Ibsen’s The Wild Duck: The first approach wants to say new things about the play by way of the ongoing theoretical and methodical renewals within literary criticism; the second approach takes its point of departure from the collected insights and disagreements of traditional Ibsen criticism. The larger claim is that these two approaches indicate a fundamental division within literary studies at the present time: A theoristic culture stands opposed to an antitheoristic and empirical one.

Vitenskapelig publikasjon
(side 18-30)
av Bjarne Thorup Thomsen
Engelsk sammendrag

The article is a contribution to the exploration of the role of the margins of modernity in the reconfiguration of literary articulation, critiquing a centrist perspective on the development of modernism. Participating in the re-mapping processes that inform the current, spatially inclined theorisation of modernism, the article investigates the use of Northern “off-centre” townscapes as sites for the probing of emerging modern societies and states of mind in Swedish autodidactic author (and later Nobel laureate) Eyvind Johnson's early urban writing, with a particular emphasis on his second novel, Stad i mörker (1927). The article demonstrates how a polytopic, decentring and locational approach to the understanding of modernist topography, with “geomodernism” as one of its labels, can be utilised to unpack the ambiguous centre-periphery relationships operative in the novel at both European and local levels. In this connection the article documents the creative interface between proximate and distant place in Stad i mörker. While the novel maintains its local emplacement throughout and represents human activity as “traffic” within its townscape limits, it nevertheless lets a plurality of exterior domains and discourses related to these act on the town setting. Moreover, the article discusses the affective as well as the ideological dimensions of the “peripheral” urban environment that dominates the novel. Referencing the literary theorists Raymond Williams and Frederik Tygstrup, it is argued that Stad i mörker applies a new sociological way of seeing to its “marginal” town location, while it may also meaningfully be read in light of a new interest in affectivity as a shared and spatial phenomenon.

Vitenskapelig publikasjon
(side 32-47)
av Bent Holm
SammendragEngelsk sammendrag

Artiklen placerer Holbergs komedie Den politiske kandestøber i en receptionshistorisk, en politisk historisk og en ideologihistorisk kontekst. Afsæt tages i en betydelig tendens i dansk reception til nedtoning af dens situering i Hamburg (Paludan m.fl.) og til fokusering på psykologi og komik frem for på politik og polemik (V. Andersen m.fl.). Omvendt ses det, at den hamburgske situering refererer til politisk turbulente begivenheder, der var det datidige publikum bekendt. Dette åbner for inddragelse af Holbergs statsretslige betragtninger over fristæder versus monarkisk absolutisme, og af hans skildringer af prototypen den uskikkede leder. I næste hovedafsnit fremstår billedet yderligere kalejdoskopisk, da det receptionsanalytiske perspektiv udvides ved inddragelse af læsninger af teksten i Edda 1914–2013 (Bing, Moth, Foss, Nedergaard, Langholm, Nøtvik Jakobsen) omfattende bl.a. politiske, motivhistoriske og komplekst analytiske tilgange. Afslutningsvis sættes komedien ind i sammenhæng med en overordnet historie-cyklisk forståelse af statsformer, og hovedkarakteren relateres til Don Quijote som en holbergsk matrix.

Nøkkelord: Ludvig Holberg, Den politiske kandestøber, Receptionshistorie, Dramaanalyse, Dramahistorie

The Kaleidoscopic Tinker. Comedy, Politics and Polemics in Holberg’s The Political Tinker

The article aims at placing Holberg's comedy The Political Tinker within contexts of reception and political-ideological history. Significant trends in Danish critique are a tendency to downplay the fact that the plot is in Hamburg (Paludan and others) and a focus on psychology and comedy rather than politics and polemics (V. Andersen and others). It appears, however, that the actual location was turbulent political events familiar to the audience of the time, giving rise to the involvement of Holberg's constitutional considerations of free cities versus absolute monarchies and of his depictions of the prototype unfit ruler. The reception analytical perspective is further expanded by the involvement of readings of the text in the Edda 1914–2013 (Bing, Moth, Foss, Nedergaard, Langholm, Nøtvik Jakobsen) comprising for example political, thematic and complex analytical approaches, and resulting in an even more kaleidoscopic image. Finally, the comedy is related to a cyclical understanding of state forms, the main character related to Don Quixote as a Holbergian matrix.

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