Sammendrag

Sammendrag

Systematiske observasjoner av samspill mellom foreldre og barn er en viktig informasjonskilde i barnevernets arbeid, men det er liten kunnskap om hvor pålitelig innhentingen av slik informasjon er. I denne studien har vi undersøkt 1) samsvar mellom barnevernsansattes skåringer av samspill mellom foreldre og barn gjennom en periode på 10 måneder og 2) prosjektdeltagernes erfaringer med opplæringen og treningen. Familieveiledere i to kommunale barneverntjenester fikk opplæring i bruk av observasjonssystemet Parent Child Interaction System (PARCHISY), og skåret deretter videoopptak av strukturerte samspill i alminnelige familier. Vi beregnet samsvar i skåringene og gjennomførte fokusgruppeintervjuer for å kartlegge erfaringer gjennom prosjektperioden. Resultatene viser at en kort opplæring og jevnlig trening over tid kan sikre akseptabelt og nær akseptabelt samsvar i skåringer for noen av kvalitetene ved samspillet, men at det er viktig å tilrettelegge for bruk av systematisk observasjon i en arbeidshverdag. Bruksområder og forhold knyttet til implementering blir diskutert.

Nøkkelord

  1. observasjoner av samspill
  2. pålitelighet
  3. opplæring
  4. vedlikehold

Abstract

Systematic observations of interactions between parents and children are an important source of information in child protection services’ (CPS) work, but there is little knowledge about the reliability of such information. In this study, we investigated 1) agreement between CPS practitioners’ ratings of interactions between parents and children over a period of 10 months, and 2) participants’ experiences with training and practice. Family guidance practitioners were trained to use the observational system Parent Child Interaction System (PARCHISY), after which they rated structured interactions of non-client families based on video-recordings. We calculated agreement in ratings and conducted interviews of participants in focus groups. The results show that a brief course and regular training can ensure acceptable and close-to-acceptable agreement in ratings for some qualities of the interactions, but that it is important to provide facilitative conditions for systematic training in ordinary practice. Usability and factors associated with implementation are discussed.

Keywords

  1. observations of interactions
  2. parents and children
  3. reliability
  4. training in practice

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Information & Authors

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Published In

Go to Tidsskriftet Norges Barnevern
Volume 98Number 125 March 2021
Pages: 5880

History

Published online: 25 March 2021
Issue date: 25 March 2021

Authors

Affiliations

Kåre S. Olafsen
Kåre S. Olafsen: Forsker, Regionsenter for barn og unges psykiske helse (RBUP), Helseregion Øst og Sør
Kristin Berg Nordahl
Kristin Berg Nordahl: Forsker, Nasjonalt utviklingssenter for barn og unge (NUBU), [email protected]
Filip Drozd
Filip Drozd: Forsker, Seksjon for sped- og småbarn, RBUP Øst og Sør, [email protected]

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