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Beta - Scandinavian Journal of Business Research provides an excellent outlet for research and scholarship on management and businessrelated themes and topics, including general management, human resource management, organizational behaviour, leadership and organization development, accounting and finance, business ethics, strategic management, marketing, business economics, and public sector management.

The editors give priority to original articles that contain results with theoretical and practical relevance as well as review articles, book reviews, research notes and summaries of research reports.

Peer Review
All research articles that are considered relevant for publication in the journal are reviewed by at least two anonymous academic referees with no ties to the author. In addition, the article is reviewed by the journal's editorial board and the final decision regarding publication of the article is made by the Editor-in-Chief. The journal practices "double blind" peer review, whereby both reviewers and the author remain anonymous to each other.

The journal is authorized as a publication channel on level 1 in NSD - Norwegian Centre for Research Data (for Norway and Sweden), in the Danish Ministry of Higher Education and Science's Authorization list for serials (Denmark), and in Finland's Publication Forum. The journal is covered by the following indexing and discovery services:
  • Google Scholar
  • Primo Central Index (Ex Libris)
  • The Summon Service (ProQuest)
  • Ebsco Discovery Service
  • WorldCat Local (OCLC)
Bjarne Espedal, professor emeritus, NHH Norwegian School of Economics

Editorial Assistant
Aud Aasen

Associate Editors
Anders Dysvik, professor, BI Norwegian Business School
Erik Døving, associate professor, Oslo and Akershus University College of Applied Sciences
Bjørn-Tore Flåten, associate professor, School of Business and Law, University of Agder
Paul Gooderham, professor, NHH Norwegian School of Economics
Leif Hem, professor, NHH Norwegian School of Economics
Svein Tvedt Johansen, associate professor, UiT The Arctic University of Norway
Henrik Holt Larsen, professor, CBS Copenhagen Business School

Editoral Advisory Board
Richard Croucher, professor, Middlesex University
Glenn Kristiansen, associate professor, NMBU Norwegian University of Life Sciences

Bjarne Espedal
Before you submit your manuscript, we ask you to read the guidelines closely, and ensure:
  • all info about the author is included
  • the number of characters does not exceed the limits stated underneath
  • notes and references complies with the authors guidelines
  • abstract and keywords in English is included



All manuscripts submitted to Beta should be sent as an attachment to bjarne.espedal@nhh.no.


Articles should be written in Norwegian, Danish, Swedish or English.

Articles should not exceed 30 pages, inclusive of summary, notes, tables, figures and any attachments.


Submitted manuscripts should contain the following:
  • Title
  • Abstract: Provide a brief abstract of 100 to 150 words
  • 4–10 keywords
  • If the article is written in a Scandinavian language it must contain title, abstract and keywords in both English and the Scandinavian language.
  • The manuscript
  • Notes should be numerical and organized as footnotes
  • Literature references in alphabetical order
In separate documents:
  • Numbered figures and table (each one at a separate side)
  • Title page: Submit a separate title page with the following information: title, author(s) information (institution), date, number of words, and acknowledgements. 


Beta uses the Harvard referencing system. For further information, see the following source:



References must always include a Digital Object Identifier (DOI) for sources that have one. The DOI URL is always placed at the end of the reference. To find out if a reference has a DOI, please do a quick search on http://search.crossref.org/, using the title or author name.

A DOI is a serial code and an international standard for reliable identification, used to uniquely identify objects. The DOI system is particularly used for electronic documents, such as journal articles. For more information, please visit www.doi.org/factsheets/DOIKeyFacts.html.

Example of DOI code:

Burkett, H. (2008) 'Performance improvement myths, models, and opportunities', Performance Improvement. 47(6), p2. doi: 10.1002/pfi.20001.


All figures and tables in the manuscript must be allowed published. If someone other than the author has made a figure or table, the name of the source should be stated in the text. The author is responsible for obtaining the permission to use earlier published illustrations. Placing of figures and tables in the text should be marked in the manuscript: [table / figure 1 about here].

When making a table, use the table function in Word. NOTE: Please also enclose a version of the table i pdf-format, to ensure the typesetters can see what the set up should be.

Each table/figure should be numbered and editable in Microsoft Word. Title of table is placed above and title of figure below.


Notes in the manuscript should be organized as footnotes, when using regular text processing software.

Notes should be kept to a minimum and used only for comment.


All articles in Beta are peer-reviewed.

Beta authors will receive the article twice for review after the article has been accepted by the editors. One is a proofread version of the article in Word format, and the other a PDF of the article demonstrating how it will appear in the journal. Additions and changes should be avoided in both proofreading rounds. Mistakes will be corrected, and smaller, necessary changes with regards to material which is received at a later stage may be made. At the final review it is not possible to make significant changes, and the time allowed for making small corrections is very limited.

The author will receive a PDF of the article after the journal has been published on idunn.no.


All manuscripts submitted to Beta should be sent as an attachment to bjarne.espedal@nhh.no.

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