forsker ved Senter for profesjonsstudier, Høgskolen i Oslo.
Differences in Womens Working
Hours a Question of Preferences?
The article is a contribution to the ongoing debate concerning
the impact of preferences for work and family on the employment
pattern of women. Based on longitudinal data on female nurses and
female physicians, womens attitudes to part-time work during training
and in the first years as professionals are examined. Despite very
different patterns of part-time work in the two occupations, female
nurses and female physicians evaluate opportunities for part-time
work in fairly similar ways. However, differences in the development
over time of attitudes to part-time work are found. Nurses attitudes
to part-time work appear to develop through a continuous process
of adaptation, while physicians attitudes are relatively stable
and to a lesser degree adapted to the occupational structure. Physicians
evaluation of opportunities for part-time work seems to be more
in line with national norms for womens employment pattern than
with physicians actual occupational opportunity structure.